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Publishers: Deseret Sunday School Union, 50 North Main Street. Salt Lake City, Utah. Published 
the first of every month at Salt Lake City, Utah, Price $1.20 per year, payable in advance. 
Entered at the Post Office, Salt Lake City, as Second Class matter. Acceptable for mailing at 
special rate of postage provided in Section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917. authorized on July 8, 1928. 
Copyright 1949, by George Albert Smith for the Deseret Sunday School Union Board. 


Editorial — The Great Objective — Elder John A. Widtsoe 305 

Milton Bennion — Wendell J. Ashton 308 

George Richard Hill — Albert Hamer Reiser 313 

A. Hamer Reiser — Wallace F. Bennett 316 

Wallace Foster Bennett — Albert Hamer Reiser 318 

Wendell J. Ashton — Albert Hamer Reiser . 321 

Richard E. Folland — Milton Bennion 324 

Centennial Homecoming — Wendell J. Ashton 326 

"Ye Have Need That One Teach You"—/. N. Washburn 328 

My Journal — George A. Smith 331 

Centennial Gleanings — 

Edited by Ckribel W. Aldous and Margaret Ipson 333 

The Doctrine and Covenants and the Church — T. Edgar Lyon 334 

This Is the Place (poem) — C. LeRoy Clayton 338 

Food, Nutrition, Health, and Efficiency — Dr. Elfriede Frederick Brown 339 

References for September Lessons . 356 

Superintendents 346 Ward Faculty 

Secretaries .347 — Teacher Improvement 353 

Librarians 349 Teacher Training 354 

Music 351 Junior Sunday School 361 

Sacramental Music and Gem 352 Humor, Wit and Wisdom 364 



Boy of the Wagon Trails — Marie Larsen. Freedom for A Seagull — Russell 
Gordon Carter. The Story of Our Missions — 274. My Country — Jose- 
phine E. Toal. Our Fourth of July President — Norman C. Schlichter. 
The Outside Stairway — Mable H. Hinckley. Our Young Writers and 
Artists. How My Family Joined the Church. Address by President J. 
Reuben Clark, Jr. Lessons for Mission Primaries. 


Official Organ of the Sunday Schools of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 

Devoted to the Study of What to Teach and How to Teach 

according to the Restored Gospel 

Editors: President George Albert Smith, Milton Bennion; Manager: Richard E. Folland 
Contributing Editor: Wendell J. Ashton; Editorial Secretary: Clara Peterson Tanner 

O/he L^reat Kybjecttve J d ^^\^^^/j 


Qagebrush grew in some Salt Lake City streets when/ 
Richard Ballantyne organized a Sunday School in 
the Western Zion. The pioneers were battling grimly 
with the stubborn desert for food. But, through the 
dust of the plowed and harrowed land, or the steamy 
clouds from kitchen kettles, they thrilled to see the 
rising latter-day kingdom of God. 

Their real work was to build this promised king- 
dom; all else was incidental. They and their children 
and their children's children would be the builders and 
citizens of the kingdom. Therefore, the children must 
be taught God's law, and trained to obey it, and thus 
become fitted for the great task, with its exceeding 
joy, to which the Lord had called them. 

This was, is, and will continue to be the real pur- 
pose of the Sunday School. Love of parent for child, 
the desire to help the child keep the Sabbath day holy, 
must be merged into the great objective, to make 
sturdy Latter-day Saints of the children. Indeed, the 



true measure of Sunday School service is: How well 
is this objective realized? 

The Sunday Schools have increased their responsi- 
bility by providing classes for members of all ages. 
There is no end to the power of learning, nor to the 
need of constant study. 
That has made them the 
theological schools or col- 
leges of the Church. How- 
ever, the critical faculty 
which comes with maturi- 
ty is met in these upper 
classes. There the teachings 
of childhood are dissected 
and tested. Often, useless 
discussion follows. 

In such classes, the teach- 
er must remember that it 
is as necessary to hold a 
person to the faith as to 
convert him to it. But he 
must also keep in mind that as the Sunday Schools 
think, so in time the Church may be led to think. 
Therefore, the teacher, called to train Latter-day 
Saints, must turn to revealed truth and away from 
the unfounded opinions of men; in answering the 
questions raised. Leave the torrents oi human opinions 
to other organizations! 

The vicious confusion of truth and human infer- 
ences from truth — facts and theories — has wrought 
much disaster in the world. It is a favorite tool of the 
evil one. In our Sunday Schools there must be strict 
conformity, of subject, text, and teaching, with the 
established and accepted principles of the gospel. This 
is imperative now; it may be more so in the coming 




This first and most important responsibility of 
Sunday School officers and teachers has been met most 
successfully. Four hundred thousand boys and girls, 
men and women, carry the Sunday School banner. 
Every person grown up in the Church, including my- 
self, looks back with gratitude upon his Sunday 
School days. Far flung over the Church, in stakes, in 
wards and branches, the work begins with the Sunday 
Schools. Bishoprics, high councils, stake presidencies, 
and general authorities admit freely their debt to the 
Sunday School. It has been a faith builder. 

May the great objective of our Sunday Schools — to 
make Latter-day Saints — never be forgotten! 

"If ye love me, keep my commandments. 

"And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Com- 
forter, that he may abide with you forever; 

"Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because 
it seeth him not, neither knowieth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth 
with you, and shall be in you. 

"I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you. 

"Yet a little while, and the world seeth me no more; but ye see me: 
because I live, ye shall live also. 

"At that day ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye in me, 
and I in you. 

"He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that 
loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will 
love him, and will manifest myself to him. 

"Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that thou wilt 
manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world? 

"Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep 
my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and 
make our abode with him. 

"These things have I spoken unto you, being yet present with you. 

"But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father 
will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things 
to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you." (John 14:15-26.) 


Trillion (B 



^ An hour with that man is like 


an hour in church." 

Such was the comment of an 
eminent educator 1 after a visit with 
Milton Bennion. 

No better lines could describe 
the man who serves as general su- 
perintendent of the Sunday Schools 
of the Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints. 

For nearly four score years Mil- 
ton Bennion has been associated 

with the Sun- 
day Schools of 
the Church. 
For six years 
he has guided 
them, during 
a time when 
the organiza- 
tion has added 
more members 
than a t a n y 
similar time in 
its history 
150,000 — from 
about 3 3 5,000 to almost half a 
million). It has been a period that 
lias seen more printed helps issued 
by the general board for the bene- 
fit of the individual teacher in the 
classroom than at any other time 
of equal length since Latter-day 
Saint Sunday Schools began. 

^enry Newman, Ph.D., leader of Brook- 
lyn Ethical Culture Society. 




Milton Bennion's first Sunday 
School experiences came at Taylors- 
ville, a little farming community 
in Salt Lake Valley where he was 
born on June 7, 1870. 2 There were 
no graded classes in that Sabbath 
School, then, and at least one Sun- 
day School in the vicinity was 
known to have sheep in its treasury 
about that time. Milton, the boy, 
sat with the grownups; and the 
Bible was passed around the circle. 
"Tickets," containing scriptural 
verses, were distributed each Sun- 
day, and with them pupils were 
drilled in memory exercises. 

About the time Milton was get- 
ting his first taste of Sunday School, 
his father, John Bennion, a livestock 
man, died. Six sons and a daugh- 
ter were left with his widow, Mary 
Turpin Bennion, a semi-invalid. 

It was as a youth of 18, while 
he was looking after the farm, that 
something happened to Milton Ben- 
nion that changed the whole course 
of his life. His hopes had been high. 
He wanted to be a lawyer or a phy- 
sician. But then it was that he was 
asked to teach the four beginners' 
grades in Taylors ville's rock school - 
house. He had had no training in 

2 Sinee The Instructor carried a brief bi- 
ography on Superintendent Bennion in 
April, 1943, this article attempts to portray 
some facets of his life and character not 
included therein. 


teaching, although he had been a 
student at the University of Des- 
eret. He took the job, and has been 
associated with teaching ever since. 

At 19, Milton enrolled at L.D.S. 
College. And while he sat in a class 
in the old adobe Social Hall (said 
to be the first playhouse west of 
the Missouri) he was handed an en- 
velope. Looking at the return ad- 
dress, "Box B" (the First Presi- 
dency's), his brother Heber, sitting 
nearby, commented, "There's a 
mission for you." It was. 

For more than three years, Mil- 
ton Bennion was a missionary in 
New Zealand. He worked with the 
Sunday Schools there, and presided 
over Whangarei District. Though 
Milton was but twenty at the time, 
one day a Maori man, about fifty 
years old, with his wife, came to him 
for counsel. They had nine children, 
but their marriage was in peril. 
Sitting on a whalebone in a dirt- 
floored hut, the young man reasoned 
with them. Their marriage was 
saved. Thousands of people — stu- 
dents, teachers, Sunday School 
leaders, rich and poor, and dark- 
and light-skinned people — have 
learned the worth of this modest 
man's deep wisdom, his crisp sense 
of humor. 

Returning from New Zealand, 
the missionary went back to school. 
Four years later he emerged from 
University of Utah with a B.S. de- 
gree and teacher's diplomas for both 
high school and elementary echool. 

The next year (1897) found him- 
principal of the Southern Branch of 
Utah State Normal School, at Cedar 

City, Utah. Fifty years later, he 
could recall the number of pupils 
enrolled during each of the three 
years he directed the school: 119, 
160 and 200. During his second 
year there, he and a teaching asso- 
ciate, Howard R. Driggs, organized 
a teacher training class in connec- 
tion with the faculty of Cedar City 
Sunday School. They met after 
Sunday School in the two-story 
schoolhouse of "native" yellowish 
pink brick. Elders Bennion and 
Driggs, who were later to serve to- 
gether on the General Board for 39 
years, used the regular class period 
time for observation. 

In the fall of 1900, Milton 
Bennion left Utah to study for his 
master's degree at Columbia Uni- 
versity in New York City. But be- 
fore he departed, he received a pa- 
triarchal blessing from one of the 
greatest educators and Sunday 
School leaders the Church has pro- 
duced, Karl G. Maeser, then first 
assistant general superintendent of 
the Deseret Sunday School Union. 
It was the first such blessing Elder 
Maeser gave. He died a few months 
afterward. The influence of his 
words, however, never left Milton 

Returning from Columbia, Mil- 
ton Bennion was named to the fac- 
ulty of the University of Utah, 
where he remained for forty years. 
There he later served as dean of the 
School of Education for 28 years 
and vice-president of the Universi- 
ty in 1940-41. On his return from 
the East, he was also chosen for the 
Granite Stake Sunday School board, 
Shortly thereafter, he was. called to 



serve as superintendent of the Uni- 
versity Sunday School, meeting in 
Barratt Hall, for out-of-town stu- 
dents of the L.D.S. University and 
the University of Utah. His first 
assistant was J. Reuben Clark, Jr., 
who had succeeded him as principal 
of the Southern Branch at Cedar 
City. Elder Clark at that time was 
teaching at the L.D.S. Business Col- 
lege. The University Sunday School 
faculty also included two well- 
known scholars, Dr. James E. Tal- 
mage and Nephi L. Morris. 

After three years as superintend- 
ent, Milton Bennion returned to 
Granite Stake Sunday School Board. 
Granite Stake Union Meetings were 
noted in those days for their quality 
and high attendance. 

In 1909, at 39, Milton Bennion 
was elevated to the general board. 
He was assigned to supervise teach- 
ing of youth in the adolescent 

After eight years as first assistant 
to the late General Superintendent 
George D. Pyper, Dr. Bennion, on 
March 2, 1943, became general su- 
perintendent of all Sunday Schools 
of the Church. 

It was a difficult time to take 
over the helm of this vast organi- 
zation. The world was at war, the 
worst in history. In Europe, Sunday 
Schools had been disrupted amid 
bursts of bombs. In America, there 
was travel and paper rationing, 
along with the other wartime re- 
strictions. Union meetings and stake 
Sunday School conventions had been 
suspended. With some men and 
women joining the armed forces 
and others moving to war industry 

centers, there was a great turnover 
in Sunday School personnel (esti- 
mated at 75 per cent in 1944, com- 
pared with the normal 20 per cent) . 

Not long after he had become 
general superintendent, with George 
R. Hill, Jr. as first assistant and 
A. Hamer Reiser as second assistant, 
the superintendency issued this 
message to the General Board: 

"Manuals and teachers' supple- 
ments should be usable and helpful 
to all grades of L. D. S. Sunday 
Schools — the fortunately situated 
and also the less privileged — those 
well equipped with rooms, books, 
illustrative materials, and qualified 
teachers, and also those that lack 
these requirements . . . We must be 
realistic, recognize the facts, and 
make provision to meet the needs 
of every situation." 

That thought has since been the 
keynote of the general board's ef- 
forts. One of the first changes 
wrought was the creation of teach- 
ers' supplements — providing much 
more help for the teacher in the 
classroom at no additional expense. 
Theretofore, supplementary helps 
for lessons for all departments had 
been carried in The Instructor. This 
meant, for example, that the first 
intermediate teacher was obliged to 
purchase a magazine containing 
about thirty pages of material (for 
other departments) for which she 
had no use. All these lesson helps 
were transferred from the maga- 
zine to teachers' supplements, one 
for each department. This transfer 
allowed much more space in The 
Instructor for additional lesson en- 
richment material besides other 


Sunday School features. The total 
yearly price of The Instructor and 
a teachers' supplement, under this 
plan, was $1.20 — the same price as 
The Instructor had been. 
- Superintendent Bennion, in 
charge of the contents of the Sun- 
day School magazine, also intro- 
duced other innovations: reducing 
the magazine size to its present 
purse or pocket size; publishing of 
original source material, such as the 
serial biographies of George Q. 
Cannon, Anthony W. Ivins, George 
A. Smith, Orson Pratt, and Ezra T. 
Benson; and series such as "The 
Dramatic Approach to Teaching," 
and "Healthful Living — A Part of 
Religious Education." More re- 
cently he has introduced lesson 
references to articles appearing in 
Church periodicals. The circulation 
of The Instructor during the first 
year after the change, jumped near- 
ly 3,000 — to 16,500, believed to 
be an all-time high up to that time. 
But The Instructor and supple- 
ment innovations were only the be- 
ginning of a wave of new printed 
helps for the Sunday School teach- 
er. A new teacher-training text, 
The Master's Art, by Howard R. 
Driggs, was issued. Pictures, in- 
cluding four-color ones for the first 
time, were used more generously in 
pupil manuals. They were also made 
more appealing with covers carry- 
ing more color and artistry than 
ever before. With the Primary As- 
sociation, the Sunday School Gener- 
al Board prepared a 506-page chil- 
dren's story book, A Story To Tell. 
A new teacher training supplement 
was introduced, and, for the first 

time, Sunday Schools of the Church 
were given a librarian's handbook. 

During Milton Bennion's super- 
intendency, the General Board 
brought out an imposing parade of 
new picture sets to further assist 
gospel teaching. There was a set of 
96 colored pictures on Church His- 
tory and a set of colored pictures 
on the Old Testament and another 
on the New Testament. These pic- 
tures were produced in cooperation 
with the Deseret Book Company. 
There were also new picture sets 
with character-building subjects for 
the Junior Sunday Schools. All pic- 
tures were large — about eight by 
ten inches in size. 

More general board helps were ex- 
tended to mission Sunday Schools. 
Circular materials, beginning in 
1944, went to branch superintend- 
ents, as well as to those in the wards. 
Home Sunday Schools were pushed, 
new courses being offered to them 
each year. 

Changes came in Sunday School 
music. Song practice became song 
service, and reverential movement 
t o classes replaced militaristic 
marching. A book of songs, pre- 
pared by Alexander Schreiner and 
Anna Johnson, was issued for tiny 

During Milton Bennion's super- 
intendency, the General Board's at- 
titude toward Junior Sunday 
Schools was changed. No longer 
were they organized because of 
housing limitations. They were cre-r 
a ted because they provided more 
development for young Latter-day 
Saints. Hundreds of them have 



burst into being since 1943. Sug- 
gestions regarding housing of Junior 
Sunday Schools were transmitted 
by the General Board to the Presid- 
ing Bishopric. Now meetinghouse 
blueprints provide facilities special- 
ly designed for little folk. 

In 1943, "100% Sunday," an 
annual enlistment rally day, was 
announced by the General Board. 
It did much to stimulate greater 
attendance. For example, on this 
day one ward (Arlington, in Los 
Angeles) drew an attendance of 
633, with a ward population of only 
690; and an Idaho Falls Sunday 
School increased its attendance 45 
per cent. 

In all these and other innovations, 
Superintendent Bennion has been as- 
sisted by a large, able general board, 

numbering 48 in 1949 — and by a 
quiet, intelligent little woman, his 
wife, Cora Lindsay Bennion, a 
mother of ten. 

In 1944, the Utah Academy of 
Sciences, Arts, and Letters present- 
ed Milton Bennion its annual award 
for "outstanding achievement in 
arts and letters." In the field of let- 
ters, his Sunday School administra- 
tion had produced sheaves of new 
help for the humble brown-skinned 
teacher in Syria as well as for the 
Ph.D. leading a gospel doctrine class 
in New York. His own spoken and 
written words had been few, but 
they had been golden — like scrip- 
ture. In the arts, he had excelled 
in the sovereign of them all — the 
art of living. 

"The law of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony 
of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple. 

"The statutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart: the com- 
mandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes. 

"The fear of the Lord is clean, enduring forever: the judgments of 
the Lord are true and righteous altogether. 

More to be desired are they than gold, yea, than much fine gold: 
sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb. 

"Moreover by them is thy servant warned: and in keeping of them 
there is great reward. 

"Who can understand his errors ? cleanse thou me from secret faults. 

"Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not 
have dominion over me: then shall I be upright, and I shall be innocent 
from the great transgression. 

"Let the words of my mouth, and the meditation of my heart, be 
acceptable in thy sight, O Lord, my strength, and my redeemer." (Psalms 


(^eorge [Richard uitll 


'*1VT AN can ^° an y tnm g he can 

imagine." When I heard 
George R. Hill, First Assistant 
General Superintendent of the Des- 
eret Sunday School Union Board, 
say that many years ago, I began 
to ponder the saying critically. In 
many ways and many people I have 
since found the idea sustained. 

George Richard Hill, himself, is 
an excellent example of the idea. 
To understand why, it will be help- 
ful to know his background, his 
experience, and his career. 

He was born in Ogden, Utah, 
April 10, 1884; son of George Rich- 
ard Hill and Elizabeth Nancy 

Burch. His fa- 
ther's parents 
were pioneers 
of 1847 and 
his mother's of 
1848. When he 
was 5 years old, 
the family 
moved to 
ville where 
George thrived 
on the life of 
a farm boy. In 1904, he graduated 
from the B.Y.U. High School, and 
in 1907, from the college with the 
degree of bachelor of science. One 
year later, the Utah State Agricul- 
tural College awarded him the 


bachelor's degree in agriculture. 
Cornell University, in 1912, con- 
ferred upon him the degree of doc- 
tor of philosophy. 

His career since has centered in 
agriculture. In 1907 and 1908 he 
taught in the L.D.S. High School 
in Salt Lake City. At Cornell, he 
was instructor in plant physiology. 
At the great Missouri Botanical 
gardens in 1912 and 1913, he was 
research assistant. 

At Utah State Agricultural Col- 
lege, from 1913 to 1925, he was 
professor of botany and plant pa- 
thology; and director of the School 
of Agriculture frm 1915 to 1925. 

In 1925, the American Smelting 
and Refining Company made a 
momentous decision — to take af- 
firmative action to end the claims 
for damages by farmers and stock- 
men arising from alleged smelter 
smoke emitted from its smelters in 
Salt Lake County. 

George R. Hill was persuaded to 
become director of agricultural re- 
search. He accepted and set to work 
building a research laboratory and 
recruiting a staff of specialists. For 
nearly a quarter of a century, the 
American Smelting and Refining 
Company has been successful in 
controlling its vast operations to 
the degree that litigation over 
smelter smoke damage has ended 



and the agricultural research de- 
partment has made numerous sig- 
nificant contributions of great 

The story of this far-reaching 
achievement is worthy of a book 
in itself. 

Dr. Hill is a member of the 
American Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Science, of the Bo- 
tanical Society of America, of the 
American Society of Plant Physi- 
ologists, of the Utah Academy of 
Science, and of Sigma Xi. 

On April 10, 1914, he married 
Elizabeth Odette McKay, daughter 
of David McKay and Jeannette 
Evans, of Huntsville, Utah. Eliza- 
beth Hill, on leave from the facul- 
ty of the Brigham Young Univer- 
sity; Dr. George R. Hill III, of the 
faculty of the Chemistry Depart- 
ment of the University of Utah; 
and David McKay Hill, graduate 
student at Stanford University, 
are the three Hill children keeping 
alive fhe family tradition. 

Just as remarkable as his scien- 
tific career is Superintendent Hill's 
church career. He served faithfully 
through all the offices of the Aaron- 
ic Priesthood and as a member of 
the 220th Quorum of Seventy. He 
is now a high priest in Bonneville 

He served as a teacher and an 
officer of the Y.M.M.I.A. and from 
1926 to 1935, was a member of the 
general board of the Y.M.M.I.A. 

He was a chorister and a teacher 
in the Springville Third Ward Sun- 
day School and, for ten years, chor- 
ister of the Fifth Ward in Logan. 

He served as superintendent of the 
Fifth Ward Sunday School and on 
the stake Sunday School boards in 
Cache and Salt Lake Stakes. In 1925 
he was sustained as a member of 
the Deseret Sunday School Union 
Board and was set apart as a mem- 
ber of the General Superintendency 
in October, 1934. He served as 
second assistant to Superintendent 
George D. Pyper and as first assist- 
ant to Superintendent Milton Ben- 

Equally brilliant is his career in 
a special field of his enthusiasm — 
the Boy Scouts of America. His 
career in scouting goes back almost 
to the beginning of the movement 
in Utah. For ten years, he was a 
beloved scout master of troop 5 in 
Logan, a member of the Cache Val- 
ley Council, chairman of the 
Oquirrh District, a member of the 
Salt Lake Executive Council, its 
vice-president, and, for 6 years, its 
faithful and successful president. 
Through this long service, he has 
won the admiration of scouts and 
scouters by the hundreds. 

George R. Hill has served as a 
member of the board of directors, 
as vice-president, and now as presi- 
dent of the Deseret Book Company. 
He was vice-president of the Bon- 
neville Knife and Fork Club in 1948 
and president in 1949. 

In every capacity in which he has 
ever employed his energies and tal- 
ents, he has won the respect of his 
associates as a man of ideas and of 
action. I know no better way to 
characterize him than by quoting 
a paragraph from an account I was 


honored to write about him for The 
Instructor in 1937: 

"Here is a personality saturated 
with youthful exuberance and vital 
power. To be in his presence and 
to feel the influence of his spirit is 
to experience something remarkably 
akin to the growth-stirring power 
of nature which is so aptly expressed 
in Lowell's introductory lines to the 
"Vision of Sir Launfal." His joyous 
zest for living and his eagerness for 
action affect those around him in 

a way which resembles the effect 
upon nature of the life-stirring 
warmth of the sun in springtime. 

"In his presence and under the 
influence of his dynamic spirit 
'Joy comes, grief goes, we know 

not how; 
Everything is happy now. 
Everything is upward striving; 
'Tis as easy now for the heart to 

be true 
As for grass to be green or skies 

to be blue.' " 

"Love suffereth long, and is kind; love envieth not; love vaunteth 
not itself, is not puffed up, 

"Doth not behave itself unseemly, seeketh not her own, is not easily 
provoked, thinketh no evil; 

"Rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; 

"Love never faileth: but whether there be prophecies, they shall 
tail; whether there be tongues, they shall cease; whether there be knowl- 
edge, it shall vanish away. 

"For we know in part, and we prophesy in part. 

"But when that which is perfect is come, then that which is in part 
shall be done away. 

"When I was a child, I spake as a child, I understood as a child, I 
thought as a child : but when I became a man, I put away childish things. 

"For now we see through a glass darkly; but then face to face: now 
I know in part; but then shall I know even as also I am known. 

"And now abideth faith, hope, love, these three; but the greatest 
of these is love." (I Cor. 13:4-13.) 

"Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things 
are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, 
whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if 
there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think on these things." 
(Phil. 4:8.) 


o/t. utamer Lfi 



Hpo understand his interest in chil- 
dren is easy, because service to 
young people has been the keynote 
of the life of A. Hamer Reiser, sec- 
ond assistant general superintendent 
of the Deseret Sunday School Union 

Even as a boy, his chief concern 
was children — his own brothers and 
sisters. He was the oldest son of the 

8 children of 
Albert Reiser 
and Nancy El- 
len (Nellie) 
Hamer Reiser; 
and after his 
father's death, 
in 1911, when 
young Hamer 
was thirteen 
years of age, 
he became the 
man of the 
family. I am sure his patient love 
for children and his profound un- 
derstanding of their problems grew 
out of this experience when he had 
to mix his own childhood with re- 
sponsibilities that usually come 
later in life. 

To be a widow's son is often an 
advantage — if one can grow under 
responsibility — and Hamer could. 

I met him first at high school, 
where he found time, with all his 
burdens, to get his first taste of 


business management, on the old 
L.D.S. High School monthly maga- 
zine, "The Gold and Blue." There 
he demonstrated those qualities of 
dependable leadership that attracted 
the support of the youngsters of his 
own age. There our own friendship 
began, with a strength that has 
carried through the years. There 
Hamer mastered the shorthand 
which did much to direct the course 
of his whole life, and which is still 
the envy of his contemporaries. 

At the University of Utah, from 
which he graduated in 1919 with a 
bachelor's degree in English, he paid 
his expenses with his pencil — as a' 
secretary and assistant in the regis- 
trar's office, again giving service to 
young people. During his years 
there, he met and helped hundreds. 

After graduation, he went on in- 
to the study of law, expecting to 
practice that profession as his life's 
work. But he had married Elizabeth 
Baxter in 1920, and children were 
again to become extremely impor- 
tant in his life. Through the years, 
there have been eight of them (Al- 
bert Hamer, Jr.; Elizabeth, Mrs. 
Mitchell W. Hunt, Jr.; David; 
Marilyn; Barbara; Richard; Elaine; 
and Carolyn), and in no family 
have children been more welcome or 
more loved. And, as one could ex- 
pect, never have I met children 


who have honored their parents 
more, in their love and by the 
credit they reflect in their lives. 

In 1921, the office of secretary 
of the general board of the Deseret 
Sunday School Union became va- 
cant, and, remembering Hamex's 
proficiency as a secretary and ac- 
countant, I had the privilege of 
suggesting him for the position to 
my father, John F. Bennett, who 
was then general treasurer. Hamer 
accepted and moved into the Sun- 
day School office on what he thought 
was a temporary basis. He contin- 
ued with his study of law and was 
admitted to the bar in Utah in 
1926; but, again, he was right where 
he belonged, in the service of chil- 
dren. This time his field of service 
included the hundreds of thousands 
in all the church, and he is still 
serving them. During the twenty- 
one years he was our general secre- 
tary, he wrote many lesson texts, 
helped to develop many important 
Sunday School features, and trav- 
elled to most of the stakes and many 
of the missions. One of the high 

lights of his travel experiences was 
a trip to the Hawaiian Islands in 

In 1942, he gave up his position 
as general secretary of the Sunday 
School to become manager of the 
Deseret Book Co., but he continued 
his service as a board member. In 
1943, when Brother Milton Ben- 
nion became general superintendent, 
he chose Brother Reiser as his sec- 
ond assistant, thus bringing into 
an even larger sphere of opportunity 
his great experience gained in his 
nearly thirty years of service to the 
children of the Church. 

Brother and Sister Reiser can look 
forward to many more years of 
child-centered activity, with two 
grandchildren as a beginning. In a 
way, these are a reward for all the 
years of service to children, because 
now the Reisers can hope for some 
of the joys without all the responsi- 
bilities. Their interest in youth has 
kept them young, and we who love 
them know that interest will never 
diminish, "For of such is the king- 
dom of heaven." 

"Blessed is every one that feareth the Lord; that walketh in his ways. 

"For thou shalt eat the labour of thine hands: happy shalt thou be, 
and it shall be well with thee. 

"Thy wife shall be as a fruitful vine by the sides of thine house: 
thy children like olive plants round about thy table. 

"Behold, that thus shall the man be blessed that feareth the Lord. 

"The Lord shall bless thee out of Zion: and thou shalt see the good 
of Jerusalem all the days of thy life. 

"Yea, thou shalt see thy children's children, and peace upon Israel." 
(Psalms 128.) 


vi/altace cfoster {Bennett 



e General Treasurer of the Des- 
eret Sunday School Union 
Board has a rare kind of intellectual 
endowment. He was in school be- 
fore I.Q's were discovered, but he 
nevertheless has one and it is high 
enough to have earned him several 
honors and much widespread re- 

His intellectuality is thoroughly 
honest. From this attribute flows 
naturally his instinctive moral cour- 
age and forth- 
These combine 
t o make his 
foremost mor- 
al quality, in- 
tegrity — a 
strong, inher- 
ent sense of 
justice and 
honor. The 
natural com- 
panions of 
such virtues are fairness, liberality 
and unselfishness and these are 
strongly manifested in his charac- 

All these are vividly expressed in 
his respect for human personality 
and his regard for the sanctity of 
the human spirit. People are ends 
and not means in his scheme of life. 
I have never known him to attempt 
to use anyone to gain an advantage 
for himself. 


The people in his employ are the 
best witnesses of the sincerity of 
his principles of human welfare. 

Wallace is intellectually restless, 
alert, open-minded, ever ready to 
test and explore whatever promises 
to be better. He is always one of 
the first to explore new ways of 
doing old things in the hope of 
finding a better way. His office is 
usually one of the first to try mod- 
ern developments and labor-saving 
devices, such as voice writing, elec- 
tric typewriters and mechanical 
systems of record keeping. 

The Bennett Motor Company 
shops are the latest word in modern 
mechanical convenience, equip- 
ment, arrangement and design. 
They are heated with radiant heat, 
lighted with flourescent lights, and 
rest rooms have bacterial, death-ray 
sterilizing equipment. 

In the paint business, Bennetts 
have pioneered and developed new 
frontiers in varieties and degrees of 
color combinations. 

Ever the courageous pioneer, 
Wallace is applying his originality 
to the preaching of a bold doctrine 
of human relations to the employ- 
ers of labor, large and small, whom 
he will meet all over the United 
States as he tours the country per- 
forming his duties as the president 
of the National Association of 


This may be a new and revolu- 
tionary doctrine to many, but it 
is not new to the Bennetts. Wallace 
learned it at his father's knee and 
from his earliest lispings of his 
mother's noble precepts. It is a doc- 
trine with a strong flavor of reli- 

As one hears him expound it, it 
is as if one hears as background 

"What is man that Thou art mind- 
ful of him, 
And the son of man, that Thou 

visitest him? 
For Thou has made him a little 

lower than the angels, 
And hast crowned him with glory 
. and honor." 1 

I heard him address, on his favo- 
rite "employer-employee" theme, a 
large gathering of business men who 
were honoring him in Salt Lake City 
on the occasion of his elevation to 
the presidency of the National As- 
sociation of Manufacturers. It was 
the first time I had ever been in a 
meeting of business men when I felt 
as if I had been in church. 

A Latter-day Saint at Stanford 
University, hearing him address 
the students and faculty of the 
Graduate School of Business, said 
"Hearing him makes me homesick 
for the church at home." 

Wallace's principles of business 
and of religion are eternally wedded. 
Wealth and human skill to him are 
man and wife, designed harmonious- 
ly to perpetuate human happiness, 
well-being and fulfillment. 

Psalms 8:4-5. 

This is the man who is general 
treasurer of the Deseret Sunday 
School Union Board, who delights 
, to gather and apply the revenues 
contributed by the people in the 
furtherance of the Lord's work 
through the Sunday Schools. 

A man of these attributes is no 
accident. He is the product of an 
ideal Latter-day Saint home, estab- 
lished by faithful, God-fearing par- 
ents, whose children are respected 
as gifts from God, for whose lives 
and training parents are account- 
able to the Lord. 

Wallace Foster Bennett was born 
in Salt Lake City, November 13, 
1898, the first child of John Foster 
Bennett and Rosetta Wallace. He 
attended the L.D.S. High School, 
received the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts from the University of Utah 
and pursued post-graduate study at 
Harvard University Graduate 
School of Business. He was princi- 
pal of the San Luis Stake Academy 
at Manassa, Colorado, and, during 
World War I, was an officer in the 
United States Army, stationed at 
Colorado College. 

He married Frances Grant, 
youngest daughter of President 
Heber J. Grant, on September 6, 
1922. Their children are Wallace 
Grant, who recently returned from 
missionary service as secretary of 
the European Mission; Rosemary 
(Mrs. Robert Fletcher), David, a 
missionary in the French Mission, 
Frances, and Robert Foster. 

He is president of the Bennett 
Glass and Paint Company and Ben- 
nett Motor Company and an officer 



or director of Cardon Jewelry Com- 
pany, Clayton Investment Com- 
pany, Jordan Valley Investment 
Company, Zion's Savings Bank and 
Trust Company, Utah Oil Refining 
Company, and Utah Home Fire In- 
surance Company. 

He has been president of the Salt 
Lake City Rotary Club; and a mem- 
ber of the executive council of the 

Community Chest; of the Salt Lake 
Council, Boy Scouts of America; 
and of the Salt Lake City Library 
» Board. 

Men of such generous talents, 
attributes, service, and attainments, 
who humbly devote themselves to 
the good and gentle arts of Sunday 
School work, honor themselves and 
everyone with whom they labor. 


One century of service, Lord, 
One hundred years of love. 
The tiny spark of one man's dream 
Flames to thy throne above. 

One century of teaching truth, 
One hundred years of song, 
The tiny seed of one man's hope 
Has made a million strong. 

The century of fruitful growth, 
One hundred harvest years, 
The tiny seed of one man's faith 
Life's richest blossom bears. 

For our first hundred years, oh 

A grateful hymn we raise, 
And for the future's promises 
We pray, with joy and praise. 

— Wallace F. Bennett 


God of power, God of right, 
Guide us with thy priesthood's 

Forge our souls in living fire; 
Shape them to thy great desire. 

God of wisdom, God of truth, 
Take us in our eager youth; 
Lift us step by step to thee 
Through an endless ministry. 

God of mercy, God of love, 
Let thy spirit, like the dove, 
Touch and humble, teach and bless, 
As we serve in kindliness. 

—Wallace F. Bennett 


vl/ ended H* J/ishton 


'TVenty years ago, Wendell J. 
Ashton, until .January 1947 
general secretary of the Deseret 
Sunday School Union Board, was a 
boy in high school and I was a teach- 
er. We met in a commercial law 
class which I taught. 

The class was large and I was 
anxious lest I would not be able to 
give everyone enough individual at- 
tention to assure his learning some- 

It did not take long for me to 
discover that certain of the students 
were going to help me more than 

I might help 
them. Wendell 
was one of 
them — the 
relf - starting 
kind of stu- 
dent, conscien- 
tious, earnest, 
alert, one who 
takes his teach- 
er at his word, 
does the as- 
signed work faithfully and minds 
his own business. 

First impressions have a way of 
fixing our focus upon people. This 
first association with Wendell fixed 
what I have since expected of him 
and have always found. From youth 
in high school through young man- 
hood into maturity, Wendell has 


taken his opportunities with the 
same zeal. 

In college, his academic work and 
student activities were of the same 
high quality, performed with the 
same thoroughness. 

After college, a period as a pro- 
fessional newspaper reporter and 
then missionary service in Great 
Britain received the same conscien- 
tious attention to duty. 

Somewhere along the way, Wen- 
dell sharpened and polished a talent 
for language and developed a forth- 
right graphic prose style which, is 
always good to read because it is 
clear, vivid, impressive and sincere. 
His newspaper work, reporting on 
police activities, gave him abundant 
practical experience which must 
have helped to perfect this style. 
Read anything he writes and you 
will enjoy it for the graphic, pic- 
turesque way he has of pointing up 
the human interest and significance 
of the subjects he treats. His is a 
substantial journalistic style, taste 
and temperament which is concrete 
and vivid as well as dignified and 
faithful to fact. His writing can 
be read with confidence — a confi- 
dence deeply appreciated by serious, 
critical readers. 

In high school and college and 
into the mission field, Wendell's 
journalistic talents were recognized 
and used. He had experience in 



school newspaper work, and in the 
mission field on the "Millennial 

Upon his return from the mission 
field, he went into his father's lum- 
ber business in Sugar House. The 
same attributes which, by second 
nature, he had always theretofore 
applied to every opportunity, he 
employed here with the result that 
he was given new and greater re- 
sponsibilities. While he was steadily 
advancing in the esteem of his as- 
sociates in the lumber business, he 
carried a full share of responsibility 
in civic affairs as a member and 
later as president of the Sugar House 
Chamber of Commerce and as a 
member and later as president of 
the Sons of the Utah Pioneers. At 
about this time, he became a mem- 
ber of the general board of the 
Deseret Sunday School Union. This 
call was the result of the reputation 
he had earned as a missionary in 
Great Britain. 

He was youthful then as he is 
now, only twenty-five years of age 
when he became a member of the 
general board. At twenty-seven, he 
was president of the Sugar House 
Chamber of Commerce and a mem- 
ber of the Salt Lake City Board of 
Adjustment. At twenty-nine, he 
was general secretary of the Sun- 
day School Union Board and busi- 
ness manager of The Instructor. At 
thirty-four, he was president of the 
Sons of the Utah Pioneers. At 
thirty-five, he was managing editor 
of the Deseret News. 

Responsibility flows to Wendell 
as naturally as steel is drawn to a 

magnet. People early learn to give 
him their confidence and entrust 
him with responsibility, because he 
is always conscientious, faithful, 
diligent, and honest. He possesses 
a rare quality of imagination and 
special alertness for the purpose and 
place of detail. He is a careful 
planner and a persistent follow- 

His career as general secretary of 
the Sunday School Union Board was 
brief but brilliant. The vast detail 
of that office, he mastered rapidly 
and thoroughly. He seemed to be 
in his glory in the midst of the end- 
less demands upon his time, energy, 
and talent. The demands of the of- 
fice seemed never to be great enough 
to exhaust his resourcefulness or 
his eagerness to handle them. Gen- 
eral Superintendent Pyper found 
him more than adequate as a right- 
hand man in handling the numerous 
administrative responsibilities of the 
general secretary to the Church's 
largest auxiliary and business man- 
ager of the affairs of the Union and 
The Instructor, Wendell's journal- 
istic experience and ability proved 
to be a boon to the general super- 
intendency and the associate editor 
of The Instructor. Upon the death 
of Superintendent Pyper, his first 
assistant, Milton Bennion, became 
general superintendent. He knew 
well the nature and scope of Wen- 
dell's talents and gave him full and 
free opportunity to employ them. 

Wendell won the complete con- 
fidence and admiration of these ex- 
ecutives as he wins the respect of 
everyone with whom he works inti- 
mately. Trustworthy, competent, 


resourceful, conscientious, helpful, 
kind, self-effacing, and always 
thoughtful of the welfare of others, 
are descriptive adjectives which 
apply with special force and signifi- 
cance to Wendell's character. To 
those who know him well, these 
and many others have rich conno- 
tations when applied to him. 

His most noteworthy attribute is 
his willingness to share with others 
the credit for everything he does. 
He is so liberal in this sharing that 
if he had his way, there would be 
no credit left for himself — he would 
willingly give it all to others. As I 
watch his expanding career of larg- 
er and larger responsibilities, the 
scripture which best describes his 
dominant attitude is continually 
recurring to me: "Whosoever shall 
lose his life for my sake and the gos- 
pel's, the same shall save it." 1 

Wendell is still a young man. At 
thirty-six, he has carried well many 
important responsibilities. As long 
as he lives, other great responsibili- 
ties will be placed before him. As 
he accepts them, he will discharge 
them with the same thoughtf ulness, 
thoroughness, and unselfishness. 

With all this, you do not know 
Wendell Ashton until you know 

1 Mark 8:35. 

him as a friend and in his family 
life. His father, Marvin O. Ashton, 
dearly beloved in the memories of 
thousands who knew him as a 
friend, bishop, stake president and 
member of the Presiding Bishopric, 
and his mother, Rae Jeremy, ex- 
plain the source of Wendell's self- 
lessness and his faithfulness to every 
trust and confidence. They explain 
also his intense human interest, his 
generosity and his diligence and 
conscientious care. 

Then if you could see him as a 
father and a husband, what you 
would expect, you would find. His 
devoted wife, Marian Reynolds, 
daughter of Harold G. Reynolds 
and Millie Howarth, and grand- 
daughter of George Reynolds, comes 
from a family in which the Sunday 
School tradition is long and strong. 
The delightful children, Wendy, 
age 8; Susan, age 5; and Ellen, age 
4 round out a home and family life 
which is ideal, well-ordered and 
beautiful to see, where the develop- 
ment of the character of the chil- 
dren unfolds as the easy and natural 
expression of the character and 
standards of the parents. 

In such people, one sees person- 
ality flowering in beauty under the 
sunlight of the inspiration of the 
Gospel of Jesus Christ. 

"Lord, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? who shall dwell in thy 
holy hill? 

"He that walketh uprightly, and worketh righteousness, and speak- 
eth the truth in his heart. 

"He that backbiteth not with his tongue, nor doeth evil to his neigh- 
bour, nor taketh up a reproach against his neighbour." (Psalms 15:1-3.) 


[fitchard (b. C/ollaad 


T^he office of executive secretary 
calls for a great variety of 
training and experience in the fields 
of both business and religious serv- 
ice. The publication and distribu- 
tion each year of lesson texts for all 
departments of the Sunday Schools, 
nursery to gospel doctrine, inclu- 
sive; teachers supplements for each 

class above the 
primary, sev- 
enteen in num- 
ber; lessons for 
the missions; 
and miscel- 
laneous bulle- 
tins, together 
with the busi- 
ness manage- 
ment of The 
Instructor and 
the supervision 
of the staff of office employees looks 
like job enough for one man. 

This, however, is only one phase 
of Brother Folland's job. There re- 
mains the still more responsible 
business of administering the more 
spiritual phases of the work — the 
annual conventions; visits to union 
meetings and individual schools; 
and consultations with individuals 
who call at the office or call on the 
telephone, day or night, all seasons 
of the year. There is no vacation 
season for the Sunday Schools, nor 
for their executive secretary. 


Richard E. Folland has filled this 
position since 1946. His powers of 
endurance may be better understood 
by a glance at his training and ex- 
perience in preparation for his pres- 
ent responsibilities. 

He served as cashier-bookkeeper 
of the old Salt Lake Electric Supply 
Co., from 1913 to 1915, before he 
was called on a mission to South 
Africa in 1915. This was when 
submarine warfare made crossing 
the Atlantic most dangerous. He 
was therefore sent by way of Aus- 
tralia. Delays in securing passage to 
Africa gave him six months' experi- 
ence in missionary work on the 
great island continent. He was re- 
tained in missionary work in South 
Africa until 1919, when he was 
honorably released. He journeyed 
from there to Great Britain, where 
he spent some time in genealogical 
research in behalf of his family. On 
his return to America, he gave six 
months to technical business train- 
ing before resuming his busi- 
ness career. He served successively 
with the Sullivan Machinery Co., 
with the Howells Cine Equipment 
Co. (New York City), with the 
Utah Power and Light Co., and, as 
executive secretary, with the Elec- 
trical League of Utah. 

In 1938, his business career was 
again interrupted by a call to pre- 
side over the South African Mission. 


This position he held for about sev- 
en years. Since then, he has served 
as statistician for the Salt Lake 
Chamber of Commerce, and, more 
recently, as director of personnel 
for the L. D. S. Hospital. He was 
honorably released from this Church 
position on request of the Sunday 
School superintendency to accept 
appointment as executive secretary 
of the Deseret Sunday School 
Union, succeeding Wendell J. Ash- 
ton, who had been called to service 
with the Deseret News. Brother 

Folland became a member of the 
general board while in service as 
personnel director of the L.D.S. 

Richard E. Folland has a strong 
body, an active mind, sound nerves, 
and a keen sense of humor — this 
combination of characteristics, to- 
gether with his long and successful 
experience in the Church and in 
business affairs, has made possible 
his survival to date. May he endure 
many years to come to continue his 
great service to the Church. 

"The earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof; the world, and 
they that dwell therein. 

"For he hath founded it upon the seas, and established it upon the 

"Who shall ascend into the hill of the Lord? or who shall stand in 
his holy place? 

"He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up 
his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully. 

"He shall receive the blessing from the Lord, and righteousness from 
the God of his salvation. 

"This is the generation of them that seek him, that seek thy face, 
O Jacob. Selah. 

"Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up, ye everlasting 
doors; and the King of glory shall come in. 

"Who is this King of glory? The Lord strong and mighty, the Lord 
mighty in battle. 

"Lift up your heads, O ye gates; even lift them up, ye everlasting 
doors; and the King of glory shall come in. 

"Who is this King of glory? The Lord of hosts, he is the King of 
glory. Selah." (Psalm 24.) 

"Seest thou a man diligent in his business? he shall stand before 
kings; he shall not stand before mean men." (Proverbs 22:29.) 


Centennial uiomecoming 

Dast and present members of the 
Sunday School General Board 
are still talking about an evening 
in Garden Park Ward meeting 
house, the centennial homecoming 
of the general board on Tuesday, 
May 24. 

Approximately two hundred per- 
sons were in attendance. All mem- 
bers of the First Presidency were 
there, as well as a number of other 
General Authorities, with their 
partners. Nearly fifty former board 
members and aids were there, in 
addition to present board members. 
Eighty-five-year-old John M. Whit- 
aker, who served as general secre- 
tary more than fifty years ago, sat 
at the banquet table recording in 
shorthand the toasts. President 
David O. McKay recalled how Presi- 
dent George Albert Smith once 
taught him in the Seventeenth "Ward 
Sunday School, and President J. 
Reuben Clark told of the gospel 
truths he learned in a crude little 
Sunday School out on the desert at 
Grantsville, Utah. President Smith 
added his blessing, and Elder John 
A. Widtsoe of the Council of the 
Twelve spoke on the mission of the 
Sabbath schools. 

Adam S. Bennion, oldest member 
of the general board (except Super- 
intendent Milton Bennion) still in 
service, was toastmaster. There 
were humorous skits on board con- 

vention trips, vocal and instru- 
mental selections, and community 
songs. Pictures of Sunday School 
stalwarts through the decades 
adorned the walls. Through the 
corridors, guests could hear the 
symphony of a splashing fountain 
in the garden outside the meeting- 

All received souvenir programs, 
with imitation moleskin covers in 
purple with gold lettering, contain- 
ing pictures of all former general 
superintendents, with articles; pic- 
tures of former general boards; and 
a list of names of all persons who 
have served on the board since its 
organization in 1867. 

The affair was planned by a 
committee headed by Marie Fox 
Felt of the general board, serving 
under the direction of the board's 
centennial committee. 

Messages were received from 
former board members unable to 
attend. They came from Europe 
and from coast to coast in the 
United States. An excerpt from one 
of them, from Senator Elbert D. 
Thomas in Washington D. C. reads: 

"One day at one of our mission- 
ary conferences held in Northern 
Japan, one of the missionaries hap- 
pened to remark in making a report 
that, if there were only more Sun- 
days in the week, we could do lots 
better work, because our Sunday 


" : lliK:iilfc. : ,; : -'. : :^ 

Left to right, back row: J. Percy Goddard, Tracy Y. Cannon, Sylvester D. Bradford. 
Front row: Henry Peterson, Mark Austin, John M. Whitaker, Nathan T. Porter. 

Left to right: Florence Home Smith, Edwin G. Woolley, Beulah 

Woolley Johnson. 

Left to right, back row : P. Melvin Peterson, DeLore Nichols, Junius R. Tribe, Lynn 
S. Richards. Front row: Tessie Giaque Post, Ina Johnson, Donnette Smith Kesler, 

Blanche Love Gee. 

Schools are so successful. I asked not need to mention that fact in 
the missionary what Sundays had Japan because their first day of the 
to do with Sunday Schools. You do — more on page 332 


L/e Brave lleed ofhat Kyne 
oJeach LJou" 


Jo. (History of the Sunday Schools of the (church of 
(fesus Christ of JLatter-dau Saints 


"Dighteousness is thrilling, quite 
as thrilling as wickedness. It 
glows like a fire; it blossoms like 
flowers. No desert is too dry for it; 
no atmosphere, too damp. 

The two accounts which follow 
illustrate the driving force of the 
desire for goodness, the sustaining 
power of love, the regenerating 
strength of service in the work of 
God. The first is from a letter from 
Warren H. Lyon, pioneer merchant 
and churchman of Overton, Neva- 
da, a man whose influence for good 
has been beyond calculation. 

Brother Lyon has a distinction 
that few others can claim in that 
he contributed an article for the 
Jubilee Celebration of fifty years 
ago and now writes something for 
the Centennial year. These facts 
tell something about his length of 
service in the Sunday School and 
the quality of his work. 

"To understand our task as Sun- 
day School officers," he writes, "it 
seems necessary to describe the ter- 
ritory covered. The stake is located 
in five valleys with long stretches 
of desert between." 

This has reference to the old 
Moapa Stake. Moapa Valley was 
nearest the center. Here were Over- 
ton, St. Thomas (now under the 
waters of Lake Mead) , and Logan- 
dale wards, and Kaolin Branch. To 
the west were Las Vegas, Henderson, 
and Boulder City. A visit there was 
about a hundred miles each way. 
Twenty miles southwest of Las Ve- 
gas was Goodsprings Sunday School. 
A trip northwest of Overton to 
Alamo Ward and Hiko Branch in- 
volved a drive of about seventy 
miles each way. Farther to the 
north and east were Caliente, Pana- 
ca, and Pioche. Bunkerville, and 
Littlefield, Arizona were between 
Overton and the northern wards. 
A round trip to the north during 
Brother Lyon's term as stake super- 
intendent was over three hundred 
miles. Yet, from 1921 to 1939 
Superintendent Lyon and his work- 
ers kept in close touch with this 

"We held a board meeting every 
month, some members coming from 
points sixty miles distant. We visit- 
ed every Sunday School in the stake 


once a year and held one union 
meeting in each valley once in three 
months. At these meetings, we had 
department meetings, general in- 
structions, special interest topics, 
and excellent training in music. We 
had able assistants, secretaries, and 
board members." Brother Lyon ac- 
knowledges his great debt of appre- 
ciation to the public-school teachers 
who gave their willing support 
through the years. And, indeed, the 
outlying stakes and wards were and 
still are fortunate to have the serv- 
ice of men and women from out- 
side their own localities. This bro- 
therhood of different groups is one 

of the outstanding features of the 

"The social side, including long 
rides in groups and parties," the let- 
ter continues, "was a source of par- 
ticular joy in our lives. It really 
seemed to us throughout the many 
years that the finest talent in the 
stake and wards was utilized for 
Sunday School work. We became 
acquainted with the leading men 
and women throughout southern 
Nevada, including Clark and Lin- 
coln Counties. 

"We recall many incidents. One 
young sister gave her last dollar to 
subscribe for The Instructor though 

The old and the new. Missionaries of North Carbon Stake put the finishing touch on 
a fine project. This picture shows them taking down the old sign on their building and 
putting up another. They are, left to right: Holding the new sign in place, Edmund 
Wycherly, president of the new Carbonville Branch, and LaVell C. Miller, president of 
North Carbon Stake Mission. Front, Leonard Thayn ; Calvin Campbell ; Frank Richard- 
son ; Gerald Anderson ; Robert Booth ; Irvin L. Mills, holding Country Club sign ; Clifton 
V. Memmott; Mark Tanner; Arthur Banner; Ilo Brady ; Oscar Foote; and David Colton. 



she had urgent need for it. We visit- 
ed Goodsprings. One of the sisters 
told us after Sunday School she had 
dreamed the night before of our 
coming, of where we would sit, and 
what we would do. No announce- 
ment of our visit had been made. A 
good, capable brother who used to- 
bacco was badly needed and was in- 
vited to serve. He served faithfully 
for a year and then resigned, telling 
us that tobacco had been mentioned 
at each meeting he had attended. 
Later, President George Albert 
Smith attended our stake confer- 
ence. A bishop's counselor was to 
be selected. In looking over the 
priesthood records he noticed this 
brother's name. When told the 
brother used tobacco, he suggested 
an interview with him; and that 
brother was chosen for the position. 
Later he became bishop of a lead- 
ing ward. At one time he expressed 
his appreciation of the board's con- 
fidence in him. 

"When we were appointed, Sun- 
day Schools were dismissed during 
the summer in order that all might 
assist in harvesting vegetable and 
melon crops. We immediately ar- 
ranged that schools should be held 
every Sunday unless conference or 
sickness in a ward prevented. We 
held to the prescribed course of 
study. The two-and-a-half-minute 
talks were memorized and given. 
We have seen these boys and girls 
grow to become excellent speakers 
and missionaries. 

"Our eighteen years of service as 
part of the great drama of the 
Church have been a delightful part 

of our lives. The privilege of know- 
ing Superintendents George D. Py- 
per and Milton Bennion, President 
David O. McKay, Brother A. Hamer 
Reiser, and different board members 
has been inspiring and a source of 
joy to us." 

Our second example of how the 
Sunday School influences the lives 
of people comes also from a letter, 
this one from Elder Irvin Mills, of 
Price Second Ward, himself a con- 
vert to the Church, and one of the 
moving spirits in the remarkable 
development to which he calls at- 

"Near Price, Utah, (Brother 
Mills writes), on Highway 50-6, is 
Radio Station KOAL. Surrounding 
this broadcasting station is a com- 
munity called Carbonville. It is 
made up of men who work in the 
mines and others who are farmers 
in the valley. They have oil sta- 
tions, garages, and stores. 

"Many of them had no transpor- 
tation and could not go into Price 
to church. One of these families, 
that of Mr. and Mrs. Sherman Mc- 
Kendrick, asked the president of the 
seventies' quorum of North Carbon 
Stake to go to their home to organ- 
ize a Sunday School. 

"On April 13, 1947, two mis- 
sionaries from the 345th Quorum 
of Seventy went to this home and, 
after seeing the number who had 
come to hear the gospel, organized 
a Sunday School that very Sunday. 

"The people in this community 
were hungry for the Gospel. Soon 
our Sunday School in this modest 
home had attracted as many as 104 

— mare on page 345 

if Iff journal 




Caturday, April 24. Helped to 
carry two logs for the raft, 
then got my oxen and yoked them 
for the brethren to haul the raft 
timber. Looked about the ruins for 
some time and returned to the 
wagon about 10 a.m., quite ex- 
hausted with the labors of the morn- 
ing and the effects of my water 
work yesterday. The brethren were 
crossing the river, Pres. Young and 
some others were unloading and 
passing their goods into the boat, 
and crossing their wagons at the 
ford. The majority went directly 
to the ford with all their loading, 
and many crossed without taking 
any, doubling their teams. They 
traveled, all keeping one track, and 
the ford became better, the quick- 
sand packing and becoming smooth 
and hard. At between 3 and 4 p.m. 

we were all safely over, and felt to 
thank the Lord. Rolled on up the 
Loup 4 miles and camped on its 
margin. Weather very pleasant 
and the grass showing quite green. 
The rafts were finished in good 
season, and did all the good that our 
old raftsmen said they would. A 
man crossed over on the raft and 
left it on a sand bar. It shipped 
a good deal of water; the other 
was left loose and floated down the 

Sunday, April 25. Very pleasant 
weather, but a little cloudy and 
a fine breeze. The grass affords 
quite a bit of feed. In the evening 
the brethren were called together by 
the horn and addressed by President 
Brigham Young, myself and others, 
upon the principle of saving the 
game that we kill. President Young 



remarked that he was perfectly 
satisfied with the men and their 

Saturday, May 1. Thermometer 
at sunrise 30°. Cloudy and very 
cool with high winds. About 10 
o'clock came in sight of the first 
buffalo we had seen. At a little 
past noon several of the men start- 
ed for them on horseback. We had 
a fine view of the chase from our 
line. They killed seven calves, four 
cows and one bull. We had plenty 
of good meat for supper; it is much 
better than beef. Travel time, 9 
hours, distance 18 miles. We tra- 
veled quite slowly, as some ox teams 
were weak for want of food. 

Thursday, July 22. Myself, Orson 
Pratt and a few others started on 
horseback in the morning and ex- 
plored down the canyon, and then 
turned north, keeping to the edge 
of the valley. Crossed two clear 
runs about the size of this, stony 
beds, and came to a saline portion 
of valley abounding in hot miner- 
al springs, one very large and very 
hot. Distance traveled and seen 
ahead judged to be about 20 miles 
north of camp. Deep banks of 
snow on the rocky peaks, a few 

miles southeast from camp. Killed 
several rattlesnakes near a grove of 
small trees. A few trees nearly one 
foot through near the mouth of the 

Friday, July 23. Clear and warm. 
Started to travel about 7 a.m. Went 
north near the edge of the valley 
and camped on another small run 
about nine, and at a quarter past 
nine, meeting of camp. Prayer by 
Prof. Orson Pratt. Remarks by 
Brothers Pratt and Richards, S. 
Roundy, S. Taft, S. Markham, 
Brother Crow and Albert Carring- 
ton. A committee was appointed 
to pick out ground for potatoes, 
buckwheat, turnips, etc. Reported 
good ground and forty by twenty 
rods staked off for a potatoe patch 
at half past eleven. At 12 first 
furrow turned. Dam on run for 
irrigation began at 2. Three ploughs 
running and one harrow. Two 
acres and a half ploughed. 

Saturday, July 24. Some cloudy 
but quite warm. Potatoes all plant- 
ed. I planted first. At about 2 the 
President and his company came up 
all better. Water let on the ground. 
Towards evening a slight shower. 

{Continued from page 327) 
week was not necessarily a holy day two on Sundays, one in the morning 
but just an economic rest day. an d one in the afternoon. There- 
Therefore, Sunday Schools were in f orCj j t h in k j am responsible for the 
order any day the missionaries could most Sun d ay Schoolish Sunday 
hold them and anywhere they would Schools here in the church." 

be allowed to hold them. Before we 

got through it, in that part of the The General Board Homecoming 

mission, the missionaries had a Sun- commemorated history. But it also 
day School each day of the week and made history. — Wendell J. Ashton 

Centennial (gleanings 




"A Sunday School teacher needs to share as much as possible the 
everyday experiences and problems of his students." 

— M. Lynn Bennion, The Instructor, July, 



"I love to teach because teaching is an opportunity for creation. To 
come in contact with that which is more priceless than the gold of Ophir, 
more beautiful than the most delicate flower, more interesting than build- 
ings or fields or streams, more eternal than the towering hills; to have 
even a small part in fashioning and molding a human soul makes me 
partner with Him who is Creator of all things." 

— William E. Berrett 

The Instructor, April, 1940 


"The teacher is the gardener in the garden of life. I love to teach 
because so many anxious souls reach out toward the light that is pointed 

OUt to them." _E. Cecil McGavin 

The Instructor, March, 1940 


See that every lesson is laid out and rendered so that it will act upon 
the pupil to occasion right thought, secure keen feeling, and insure right 

action." — Primary Committee, 

Charles B. Felt, Chairman; assisted by 
Dorothy Bowman and Ethel Simons 
Brinton, Juvenile Instructor, Jan., 1914. 


George Q. Cannon believed that a certain portion of scripture 
should be read every Sunday and lessons given from the Bible and the 
Book of Mormon, and that these lessons should be systematic. 

— Reported by John B. Maiben, Secretary, 
in a general account of Sunday School 
meetings, April 9, 1872. 


C/he LOoctrme and (covenants 
and the (church 


Tn directing the religious activities 
of the people in this dispensa- 
tion of the gospel, the Lord has fol- 
lowed the same pattern that he used 
during his earthly ministry. Instead 
of giving a detailed list of what 
might be done and what must not 
be done, as did the Law of Moses, 
Christ taught by principle. Within 
the Doctrine and Covenants, one 
finds some positive guiding princi- 
ples for Christian living. With 
these principles before him, the be- 
lieving Christian is at liberty to use 
his free agency in determining 
whether he will conform to God's 
will or disregard the divine admo- 

One of the most controversial 
questions that faces all Christians 
is that of the proper observance of 
the Lord's Day, the Christian Sab- 
bath or Sunday. Having inherited 
from its Israelitish backgrounds the 
concept of a seventh day of rest 
each week, the primitive Christians 
retained a seventh day for their de- 
votions but transferred it from the 
seventh to the first, in commemo- 
ration of the day on which their 
Redeemer was raised from the dead. 
Jesus, during his earthly ministry, 

had not made detailed rules con- 
cerning the observance of the Sab- 
bath, but had made public pro- 
nouncements to the effect that the 
Sabbath was made for the good of 
man, rather than man for the Sab- 
bath; that it was lawful for men 
to do good on the Sabbath; and he 
set an example of using the Sab- 
bath for formal worship of God. 
The early Christian Church at- 
tempted to make its devotions on 
this day conform to these instruc- 
tions of their Savior. 

In one respect, however, they 
were unable to make their observ- 
ance of the Lord's Day conform to 
that of the Old Testament Sabbath. 
Under the Mosaic code, the Sab- 
bath had been a day of almost com- 
plete rest. Only the absolutely es- 
sential chores could be performed 
on that holy day. Even while under 
the political jurisdiction of the Ro- 
man Empire, the Jews had been 
able to secure governmental recog- 
nition for their weekly day of rest. 
But the Christians were unable to 
secure any such special privilege 
from the pagan governments of the 
world, with the result the Chris- 
tian's Sunday was not a day of rest, 



but one of special sanctity for pur- 
poses of worship. During the first 
three centuries of Christianity, its 
followers were compelled by their 
pagan employers to labor on Sun- 
day; but they used the early morn- 
ings and the evenings for their 
public devotions and sacramental 
services. It was not until the first 
quarter of the fourth century that 
the Christians were able to secure 
an official decree from the emperor 
Constantine which granted to them 
the privilege of having their Sun- 
day declared as a day of rest. Even 
then, this favor was extended only 
to those Christians who resided in 
the cities, but did not apply to farm 
laborers and rural dwellers. Gradu- 
ally, with the passing of centuries, 
Sunday came to be accepted by all 
"Western civilizations as a day of 
rest as well as one for worship. 

In this dispensation, it was in- 
evitable that questions concerning 
proper conduct for this holy day 
would be asked. In keeping with 
those attitudes expressed during his 
earthly ministry, Jesus Christ re- 
vealed to the Prophet Joseph Smith 
some general principles for our 
guidance. "Within Section 59 are 
found the most positive and com- 
plete instructions to the Church in 
this regard. The Lord declared: 

"And that thou mayest more 
fully keep thyself unspotted from 
the world, thou shalt go to the 
house of prayer and offer up thy 
sacraments upon my holy day; 

"For verily this is a day appoint- 
ed unto you to rest from your 
labors, and to pay thy devotions 
unto the Most High; 

"Nevertheless thy vows shall be 
offered up in righteousness on all 
days and at all times; 

"But remember that on this, the 
Lord's day, thou shalt offer thine 
oblations and thy sacraments unto 
the Most High, confessing thy sins 
unto thy brethren, and before the 

"And on this day thou shalt do 
none other thing, only let thy food 
be prepared with singleness of heart 
that thy fasting may be perfect, or, 
in other words, that thy joy may 
be full." (Doc. and Cov. 59:9-13.) 

A careful study of these verses 
indicates that four positive sugges- 
tions are given concerning proper 
use of our Sunday. First, there is a 
positive teaching that it is the time 
to attend to our public devotions; 
a time to meet with our fellow 
Christians and express our wor- 
shipful songs and prayers; a time 
to express our thanks and gratitude 
to God for the gift of life, the 
atonement, the gospel and the 
Church. A second teaching states 
explicitly that our Sunday is to be 
a day of rest, as God had com- 
manded ancient Israel regarding 
their Sabbath. It is to be a day on 
which Latter-day Saints rest from 
their daily labors. The statement 
in verse 13 indicates that not only 
should those who labor in worldly 
activities rest but that those who 
prepare the food for the families 
might also have a rest from the 
daily activity of meal preparation. 
Many people labor harder on Sun- 
day than on any other day of the 
week, because of the custom of 
preparing the most elaborate meals 



of the week on Sunday. This is in 
violation of the instruction received 
from the Lord. The verses referred 
to above indicate that a third ap- 
proved activity for Sunday is to 
provide opportunity for those who 
desire to do so to make their con- 
tributions or offerings to the Lord. 
Verse 12 refers to offering "thine 
oblations" on this day. The word 
oblations is a general term for those 
offerings that Christians make in 
support of their churches and vari- 
ous church charities or mission en- 
terprises. Last, but certainly not 
the least important, is the instruc- 
tion that Sunday is the proper day 
for the administration of the "sac- 
raments" of the Church. Various 
ordinances of the Church, such as 
the sacrament, baptism, confirma- 
.tion, ordinations, and administra- 
tion to the sick are recommended 
as proper activities for Sunday. 

The Doctrine and Covenants 
thus makes it clear that Sunday 
should be characterized by our at- 
tendance at Church services, rest- 
ing from our physical labors that 
characterize our daily life, the 
making of our free-will offerings 
to the Lord for the purposes of the 
Church, and the participation in or 
performing of the various ordi- 
nances of the gospel. These instruc- 
tions are followed by a promise to 
those who are willing to obey them. 
The Lord declared to the member- 
ship of the Church: 

"And inasmuch as ye do these 
things with thanksgiving, with 
cheerful hearts and countenances, 
not with much laughter, for this is 

sin, but with a glad heart and a 
cheerful countenance — 

"Verily I say, that inasmuch as 
ye do this, the fulness of the earth 
is yours, the beasts of the field and 
the fowls of the air, and that 
which climbeth upon the trees and 
walketh upon the earth; 

"Yea, and the herb, and the good 
things which come of the earth, 
whether for food or for raiment, 
or for houses, or for barns, or for 
orchards, or for gardens, or for 

"Yea, all things which come of 
the earth, in the season thereof, 
are made for the benefit and the 
use of man, both to please the eye 
and to gladden the heart; 

"Yea, for food and for raiment, 
for taste and for smell, to strengthen 
the body and to enliven the soul. 

"And it pleaseth God that he 
hath given all these things unto 
man; for unto this end were they 
made to be used, with judgment, 
not to excess, neither by extortion. 

"And in nothing doth man of- 
fend God, or against none is his 
wrath kindled, save those who con- 
fess not his hand in all things, and 
obey not his commandments." 
(Doc. and Cov. 59:15-21.) 

In addition to specific instruction 
concerning the basic principles that 
underly the proper observance of 
the Christian Sunday, our book of 
modern revelations also gives the 
Church guidance concerning cer- 
tain aspects of our public worship 
of God. In the early days of the 
Church, some of the friends and 
converts came from sects which 


taught that public and vocal 
prayers should not be used but that 
Christians should pray individually 
and silently. Some of these assumed 
that such ideas should characterize 
the public gatherings of the Latter- 
day Saints. In answer to such ideas, 
the Lord stated specifically the fol- 

"And, again, I command thee 
that thou shalt pray vocally as well 
as in thy heart; yea, before the 
world as well as in secret, in public 
as well as in private." (Doc. and 
Cov. 19:28.) 

This led to the now firmly es- 
tablished practice of having vocal 
prayers in our meetings; and not 
only that, but also of praying for 
God's blessings at recreational and 
other public events. 

In the early days of the Church 
there were also some who had come 
to the new Church from sects that 
frowned upon singing, or else who 
felt that anything other than the 
singing of the rhymed Psalms was 
unbecoming in Christian worship. 
The ideas of these people were cor- 
rected by a revelation that the 
Lord granted to Emma Smith, the 
wife of the Prophet. Not only did 
the Lord sanction singing of reli- 
gious songs in his Church but he 

"For my soul delighteth in the 
song of the heart; yea, the song of 
the righteous is a prayer unto me, 
and it shall be answered with a 
blessing upon their heads." (Doc. 
and Cov. 25:12.) 

From that day down to the pres- 
ent time, we have made music a 

definite part of our public worship; 
and multitudes of people have wor- 
shipped God in song as well as 
spoken words. This instruction has 
made the Latter-day Saints a music - 
loving and music-using people. 

Another problem that confronted 
some people who affiliated them- 
selves with the Church more than 
a century ago was the place that 
women should occupy in the 
Church. At that time, practically 
no women were allowed to function 
in churches in leadership capacities. 
The Lord called Emma Smith to be- 
come an assistant to the Prophet 
Joseph and assigned her a position 
of responsibility in a clerical way 
in the Church. In addition he de- 
clared that she should be set apart 
by the laying on of hands by the 
Prophet ". . . to expound scriptures, 
and to exhort the church, accord- 
ing as it shall be given thee by my 
Spirit." (Doc. and Cov. 25:5-8). 
This instruction opened the way 
for women to take part in Church 
activities. Since that time women 
have prayed, preached, conducted 
their meetings and served as mis- 
sionaries and as clerks in the 

When the Doctrine and Cove- 
nants is studied from the point of 
view of its influence upon the func- 
tions of the Church, it becomes 
apparent that we owe a tremendous 
debt to it. The Church of Jesus 
Christ of Latter-day Saints has be- 
come what it is because of the ac- 
ceptance of the principles revealed 
for its guidance. "We make no pre- 
tense at attempting to conform to 



every biblical form that can be observance and the ordinances of 

found, but rely upon modern reve- the gospel, we are guided primarily 

lation. In public worship, Sunday by our book of modern revelation. 

This is the place 

Prophetic words in vision told. 
This is the place, 

Reserved for Saints since days of old, 

A haven for that faithful band. 

Led hither by Jehovah's hand; 

At last they found the promised land. 
This is the place. 

This is the place, 

With mountain bulwarks tall and grand. 
This is the place; 

A temple here to God shall stand. 

No more we'll fear the ruthless mob, 

No more be scourged by tyrant's rod, 

But here in peace we'll worship God. 
This is the place. 

We'll find the place! 

And as they marched they sang this song. 

We'll find the place, 

And there become a mighty throng. 
We'll cities build, an ensign raise, 
On which the world in awe shall gaze, 
And marvel at God's wondrous ways. 

This is the place. 

This is the place, 

A desert once, now fruitful fields. 

This is the place; 

The land in rich abundance yields 
Fine fruits and grains and flowers fair, 
Its mountains filled with minerals rare, 
And peace and plenty everywhere. 

This is the place. 

■ — C. LeRoy Clayton 

cfoodj I lutrition, utealth, 
ana ibffictencti 1 




T^ood is something much more vital 
than mere substances to fill 
the stomach or appease appetite and 
hunger. Nutrition is something de- 
cidedly more important than merely 
nourishing the body to the degree 

1 This is the first of a series of six arti- 
cles, to be published monthly. 

2 Dr. Brown is the daughter of Dr. and 
Mrs. H. J. Frederick, of Logan ; her father 
was for many years professor of veterinary 
science at the Utah State Agricultural Col- 
lege. In 1923, she received her B.S. in 
chemistry from the Utah State Agricultural 
College ; in 1924, her M. S. in bacteriology 
from the University of Utah ; and, in 1936, 
her Ph.D. in nutrition from the University 
of California. She has been a high school 
teacher in Utah schools ; a teaching fellow 
at the University of California ; associate 
professor of home economics at Colorado 
State College, 1936 to 1940 ; and associate 
professor of foods and nutrition at Iowa 
State College, 1940 to 1948. She is now pro- 
fessor of home economics in charge of foods 
and nutrition at the University of Utah. 

that deficiency diseases are prevent- 
ed. Health is something far more 
inclusive and coveted than mere 
absence of disease. We are here con- 
sidering ideal conditions or optimal 
nutrition and health. Food does 
much more than build and shape the 
body. It determines mental and emo- 
tional behavior through various 
glands, hormones, nerves and other 
media of the body. 

The application of today's 
knowledge of nutrition through 
various experiments and observa- 
tions is a sizeable step in the direc- 
tion of optimal health. Good nutri- 
tion can mean maintenance of hu- 
man life for a long period and at 
its best throughout the entire span 
of life. Health is a quality capable 



of being improved no matter how 
good it is now. The same may be 
said of nutrition. 

Optimal nutrition with conse- 
quent good health is a worthy goal 
well worth our earnest efforts. For- 
tunately, every individual is privi- 
leged to make much or little of the 
opportunity afforded every day to 
do something constructive toward 
bettering his life, health, and happi- 
ness. He is likewise equally privi- 
leged to neglect his opportunities 
and live at lower levels of nutrition, 
health, and consequent happiness. 
We need to emphasize the impor- 
tance of an intelligent use of food, 
not sometime in the future when 
we conveniently get around to it, 
but today and every day henceforth. 

Food and nutrition are rightfully 
listed as important environmental 
factors concerned with health. His- 
tory clearly denotes that those 
tribes, groups, or nations which 
have consumed food of sufficient 
quantity and variety have been 
well-nourished, strong, and healthy 
and have had marked endurance. 
Countless observations go to prove 
that the benefits of an adequate diet 
exceed man's most optimistic and 
happiest expectations. Any factors 
influencing mental growth and de- 
velopment of children, and health, 
efficiency, and life expectation of 
adults are worthy of serious con- 
sideration. Do not optimal nutrition 
and health seem to constitute a step 
toward that "fountain of youth" 
for which our forebears searched? 

It is true that more people to- 
day are actively interested in nu- 
trition and what it offers than ever 

before. Even so, still more attention 
needs to be paid to health and nu- 
trition. Ignorance or misinterpre- 
tation of scientific facts leads some 
food enthusiasts astray. With great 
zeal, they may encourage fads and 
fallacious food practices. Often 
these faddists are overstressing the 
importance of some few foods to 
the neglect of many others of equal 
or greater importance in the diet. 
One who encourages the use of 
citrus fruits, other fruits, and fresh 
vegetables in the diet but discredits 
the real need for protein-containing 
foods is suggesting a diet inferior 
to the best. The best diet is a bal- 
anced diet; a balanced diet is a 
mixed diet; and a mixed diet con- 
tains the various nutrients found in 
many foods. No food or food group 
should be used to the exclusion of 
others. Some nutrients are sure to 
be lacking if diets are limited to a 
few favored foods. 

Numerous well-planned and con- 
trolled surveys and studies in the 
United States show the need for at- 
tention to our health and nutrition. 
The state of health and the ade- 
quacy of diets may not be good al- 
though the food available seems 
sufficient. Hidden hungers, small or 
minor deficiencies are prevalent; 
they have far reaching effects but 
are preventable and can be elimi- 

There are several recent develop- 
ments that are of great importance 
to human health, among which are 
the following: 

1. Strong divisions of nutrition 
have been established in many 


of our leading schools of medi- 
cine and public health. 

2. Executives and scientists in 
the food manufacturing in- 
dustry are increasingly aware 
of the responsibility they share 
in the protection of public 

3. The growing recognition of 
the numerous ill effects of 
faulty nutrition upon human 
health leads to reliance of the 
public upon standards and 
dietary patterns. 

4. Many foods, nutrition, and 
health courses are being offered 
in connection with interested 

5. Studies concentrating on nu- 
tritional needs of vulnerable 
groups (the rapidly growing, 
the aged, and pregnant and 
lactating women) are being 


6. As a part of the school pro- 
gram, instruction of various 
types is given to children with 
opportunities for them to 
form and practice good food 
and health habits. 

Progress in the field is borne out 
also by such facts as these: nutri- 
tional deficiency diseases have de- 
clined; and there has been great re- 
duction of those infectious diseases 
which, like tuberculosis, are greatly 
influenced by the state of nutrition. 
On every hand, practice of the 
principles of the science of nutri- 
tion is rewarded by excellent re- 
sults. Improved nutrition is fol- 
lowed by improved health and per- 

Let us enumerate some of the 
benefits of good nutrition. Good 
nutrition makes possible good 
health, growth, and reproduction; 
great work capacity and efficiency; 
good mental performance; dental 
health; healthy eyes, mucous mem- 
brane, skin, etc.; great powers of 
adaptation and endurance; good re- 
sistance to disease; low mortality 
rates (especially among infants and 
mothers where in the past the rates 
have been high) ; and longevity 
with useful life. 

An excellent proof of benefits 
from improved food habits comes 
from England. There, in the past 
few years, carrying out an inten- 
sive nutrition plan during and af- 
ter the war made possible the 
achievement of the best health rec- 
ords in the history of Great Britain. 
This is truly remarkable because 
during these years the population 
endured much stress from poor 
housing, great risks in sanitation, 
poorer facilities for sleep and rec- 
reation, and inadequate medical 


Improved health through better 
nutrition is demonstrated every day 
in hospitals, in human and animal 
experiments, and in studies of 
groups of people. 

H. C. C. Mann, studying many 
boys of an orphanage, found better 
growth mentally and physically 
when the boys receiving a fair or 
good diet were given a better diet. 
Malnourished children are almost 
invariably stunted in growth. Re- 
ports concerning children of Eu- 
rope during and immediately fol- 
lowing the war period bear this out. 



We are told that even in Paris, less 
drastically curtailed in food supply 
than some areas, the children 
showed smaller average height and 
weight in 1944 than in 1938. 
Puerto Rican children, notably 
poorly nourished, are much smaller 
for their age than corresponding 
children of the United States. 

Studies carried on at Harvard 
University furnish undeniable proof 
that prenatal nutrition is exceed- 
ingly important as a determining 
factor of the postnatal physical 
condition of child and mother. Ani- 
mal experiments present proof of 
more success in reproduction in 
animals given a good diet than in 
those receiving deficient rations. 
Improvement in reproduction in- 
cluded earlier sexual maturity, 
greater fertility, longer reproduc- 
tive period, larger offspring, and a 
more successful lactation period. 

Each successive period in the hu- 
man life is dependent upon the pre- 
vious period. When prenatal nutri- 
tion is favorable, then more than 
likely the new-born will be in a good 
state of health and nutrition. When 
child nutrition is good, more vigor- 
ous years are probable for the adult, 
who can accomplish a better quality 
of work, have fewer major illnesses 
and fewer absences from work, and 
suffer less loss of pay, thus main- 
taining a higher standard of living. 

Nutrition is important in deter- 
mining both the capacity and job 
performance of the worker. Semi- 
starvation states or various forms 
of malnutrition lead to lack of en- 
durance, poor coordination, loss of 

strength, and retardation of speed. 
The sum total is impaired efficiency. 
During World War II, German 
scientists studied the relation of the 
food intake to the output of coal 
by the miners in the Ruhr district. 
When food rations decreased, the 
production of coal decreased also. 
Lack of sufficient calories resulted 
in about half the peacetime output. 
When food additions were made, 
efficiency and productivity of the 
miners increased. 

The various nutritional deficien- 
cies affect bodily functions in a dif- 
ferent manner. In acute thiamine 
(vitamin B x ) deficiency and in 
fasting, greater declines are observed 
in coordination than in strength. 
Loss of strength is greater than 
losses in coordination in lengthy 
periods of semistarvation. 

Improvements wrought by good 
feeding have been reported to be 
mental as well as physical. Mental 
retardation has a relationship to 
poor nutrition and poor health. 
Mental ability and body growth 
progress simultaneously. In the past, 
we have usually considered mental 
defects to be unalterable. Experi- 
mental observations today suggest 
that improvement of brain func- 
tions may be attained by biochemi- 
cal means, by improving the bodily 
condition. There is no doubt but 
that mental activities are influenced 
by the environment of the cells in 
which they take place. Processes in 
brain and nerve tissue are definitely 
affected by some minerals, vitamins, 
and amino acids. Optimal nutrition 
is necessary for optimal perform- 



Undernourished children are fre- 
quently described as irresponsible, 
dull, forgetful. Semi-starved young 
men have been found to be mentally 
lethargic, lacking in self-confi- 
dence, unable to concentrate on 
work or studies. A study in which 
young men were maintained on low 
levels of thiamine showed failure of 
these men to undertake such spon- 
taneous intellectual activities as 
reading, mailing letters, study, and 

When 355 bright and 357 slow 
children were investigated, it was 
found that 28.2 per cent of the 
bright ones and 6.7 per cent of the 
slow ones had good nutrition. Five 
and six tenths per cent of the 
bright children and 22.1 per cent 
of the slow children were in a poor 
state of nutrition. 

In measurements of performance, 
including acuity of vision, skill at 
games, reaction time, reading, arith- 
metical processes, memorization, 
intelligence tests, and other recog- 
nized measures in current use by 
psychologists, children given extra 
thiamine were found to make su- 
perior average gains in performance 
in all the tests given. 

In an experiment employing a 
limited number of normal and re- 
tarded children, the administration 
of glutamic acid (an amino acid 
found in most proteins) brought 
about measurable improvements in 
mental aptitudes, and in personality. 
This treatment holds some hope for 
the mentally deficient who have 
been considered beyond the possi- 
bility of improvement. It seems 

that improved performances have 
been due to better utilization of 
existing abilities rather than to ac- 
quisition of new intellectual ability. 
Some research workers, however, 
have gone so far as to suggest ac- 
tual increase in intelligence quotient 
in malnourished children subjected 
to a good feeding program. 

Another quality attributed to 
good nutrition is the great power 
of the body to adapt to various con- 
ditions, altitude, extremes of heat 
and cold, privation, and periods of 
excessive exercise. The well-nour- 
ished tissues are resistant and adapt- 
able. They are in a state in which 
there are ample nutrients in re- 
serve, the use of which will not so 
deplete the body that unfavorable 
signs fast become evident. 

Nutrition helps to prevent dis- 
ease in two ways: it prevents die- 
tary deficiency diseases and it main- 
tains the body in a good state with 
tissues which act as barriers against 
infectious diseases. It is generally 
observed that infections find greater 
susceptibility in nutritionally de- 
ficient than in healthy persons. It 
seems reasonable that, with a good 
diet, cells function perfectly. When 
mucous membranes, which are nor- 
mally a protection against invasion 
of bacteria, become abnormal and 
dry because of poor nutrition, they 
do not function well as barriers. 
Vitamin A is especially important. 
The antibody mechanism as well as 
the phagocytic activity of the leu- 
cocytes (white cells) is dependent 
upon normal nutrition. It is of 
practical importance that we have 



a highly nutritious diet as a means 
of building up protection against 

Undoubtedly, infants are born 
with a better chance to survive and 
with greater promise of well-being 
when the mothers have had the ad- 
vantage of good nutrition. Mothers 
benefit also through their better 
physical state. Infant and maternal 
mortality have been decreased 
through practice of principles of 

In Leningrad during the seige, 
the stillbirth rate (5.6 per cent) 
had risen to twice the average fig- 
ure; the neonatal death rate in- 
creased to 21 per cent; and pre- 
mature births to the high figure of 
41.2 per cent. In a well-fed country, 
5 per cent is the usual percentage 
of premature births. 

In England, because of emphasis 
upon nutrition in the last few years, 
some of the results of improved nu- 
trition noted include a 41 per cent 
decrease in maternal mortality, a 
decline of 28 per cent in stillbirths, 
a 1 3 per cent decline in infant mor- 
tality, and a 13 per cent decline in 
neonatal deaths. 

An interesting fact is one sug* 
gested by many scientists, that im- 
provement of food habits alone 
would probably, within a genera- 
tion, add ten years or more to the 
life span of our people. The ten 
years would not be a period of poor 
health or invalidism but one of in- 
creased physical and mental vigor 
and a high level of health in nearly 
all respects for the majority affect- 
ed. Degenerative diseases would be 

deferred, prevented, or even elimi- 
nated. Francis Bacon, over three 
hundred years ago, wrote "The cure 
of disease requires temporary medi- 
cines, but longevity is to be pro- 
cured by diets." 8 

It has been commonly observed 
that undernourishment markedly 
decreases vitality and makes young 
people seem actually senile. Every- 
one has seen pictures of the unfor- 
tunate inhabitants of war-torn 
areas where invariably the children 
appear as small old people. 

In stressing the numerous bene- 
fits of good nutrition, we should not 
lose sight of the fact that over- 
eating has ill effects. It has par- 
ticularly bad effects when degrees 
of obesity have developed. It has 
been found that the death of per- 
sons 30 pounds overweight at 45 to 
50 years is 28 per cent above the 
average, and for those who are 40 
pounds overweight, 45 per cent 
greater than the overage. Dr. A. C. 
Ivy has suggested that for every 
inch that the waist measurement 
exceeds the chest measurement a 
person may subtract two years from 
his life expectancy.* 

Excess of any type in the diet 
will likely lead to difficulty. Joseph 
Addison, in viewing a fashionable 
table, fancied that he saw "gouts 
and dropsies, fevers and lethargies, 
with other innumerable distempers 
lying in ambuscade around the 
dishes." Temperance in eating is as 
admirable as temperance in any 
other act in life, and is followed 
by equally good results. 

"Bacon, "History of Life and Death." 
*From an unpublished lecture. 


One needs only to read of the our daily choices, daily decisions 
experimental findings and the rec- of what shall be the food intake, 
ords of public health agencies of can definitely contribute to the 
recent years to be assured that im- various benefits that have been 
provements in day-to-day eating named. Let us add that knowledge 
habits could work toward better does not compensate for poor prac- 
living, greater self - sufficiency, tice. Good diet must be eaten to 
greater enjoyment in life, less make possible the good results we 
chronic illness, developing and have enumerated. Knowledge is in- 
functioning of inherited abilities to deed important, but simply serves 
the best advantage, less infectious as a guide for practice, 
disease, and longer life at a vigorous A recent nutrition editorial stat- 
level of activity. All these rewards ed, "There are 2,000 million people 
would culminate in peaceful atti- i n the world. Their health, morale, 
tudes in the recipients. and productive energy largely de- 

The dietary improvements need- pend on how they are fed." 6 There- 
ed as suggested by nutritionists in- fore, we may hopefully predict "The 
elude moderation in eating to avoid best is yet to be" — nutritionally, 
excessive body weight; regular con- Tomorrow's population can be bet- 
sumption of green leafy vegetables ter than today's if we put to work 
and fresh fruits, especially citrus; what we now know and continue 
consumption of ample protein as to do so throughout our lengthened 
found in milk, milk products, eggs, life span, 
legumes, nuts and meats. ^. . 

° ' , - , .j. . 5 Nutrition Abstracts and Reviews, 1947, 

Surely one of the most gratitying vol. 16, p. 493. 
aspects of nutrition is the fact that 

(Continued from page 330) 
and consistently averaged fifty to ber of L.D.S. families. When fifty- 
sixty. It became necessary to take nine were found, the stake presi- 
several classes to an adjoining home, dency were asked to use their in- 
that of Brother McKendrick's fluence to organize a branch. The 
mother, one of the pioneers of the presidency checked on men holding 
valley. the priesthood to officer the branch, 

"To maintain interest in this and, finding things to their satis- 
area, a cottage meeting was held faction, they organized the Carbon- 
each week; and a fifteen-minute ville Branch, extending from the 
program of Gospel talks was given Blue Cut on the north to the city 
over Station KOAL. This was car- limits on the south. Most of the 
ried on for fifty-two weeks. families had belonged to the Price 

"The next step taken was to Second Ward, 
canvass the area to find the num- — 'more on page 350 



Milton Bennion, General Superintendent; George R. Hill, First Assistant General Superintendent: 

Albert Hamer Reiser, Second Assistant General Superintendent 

Wallace F. Bennett, General Treasurer; Richard E. Folland, Executive Secretary 


Milton Bennion 
George R. Hill 
A. Hamer Reiser 
Wallace F. Bennett 
Richard E. Folland 
Adam S. Bennion 
Inez Witbeck 
Lucy Gedge Sperry 
Marie Fox Felt 
Gerrit de Jong 
Carl F. Eyring 
Earl J. Glade 

Don B. Colton 
Thomas L. Martin 
Wendell J. Ashton 
Edith Ryberg 
Marion G. Merkley 
A. William Lund 
Archibald F. Bennett 
Kenneth S. Bennion 
J. Holman Waters 
H. Aldous Dixon 
Leland H. Monson 
Alexander Schreiner 

Lorna Call Alder 
Margaret Ipson 
Nellie H. Kuhn 
A. Parley Bates 
William P. Miller 
Ralph B. Keeler 
Vernon J. LeeMaster 
Claribel W. Aldous 
Eva May Green 
Melba Glade 
David L. McKay 
Addie L. Swapp 

W. Lowell Castleton 
Hugh B. Brown 
Henry Eyring 
Carl J. Christensen 
Hazel Fletcher Young 
Hazel W. Lewis 
William E. Berrett 
Lowell M. Durham 
Florence S. Allen 
Beth Hooper 
A. Le Roy Bishop 
Wilford Moyle Button 

Advisers to the General Board: Stephen L Richards and John A. Widtsoe 

Supertn ten den ts 


IATard Sunday School superin- 
tendents who have not al- 
ready done so should recommend to 
their respective bishops suitable in- 
dividuals for membership in the 
teacher training classes to be or- 
ganized next September. Whether 
the classes are to be organized by 
wards, by groups of wards, by 
stakes, or by groups of stakes, the 
call to participate should be made 
by the bishops. In general, the 
members of these classes should be 
at least twenty years of age. They 
should be familiar with the funda- 
mental teachings of the Church 
and should be living in agreement 
with gospel standards. Consideration 
should be given to their adaptability 
to classroom teaching and to their 
future placement, whether with 
children, youths, or adults. 

There is nothing rigid about age 
limits for membership in these 

classes. There is need, however, of 
superior character, intellectual and 
emotional maturity, and readiness 
to respond to new situations and 
to better methods of classroom 
teaching. And the prospective 
teachers must have the ability to 
secure the good will and coopera- 
tion of the individuals they are 
assigned to teach. This involves 
right personal relations, both with- 
in and without the classroom. It 
calls for understanding of human 
nature and its characteristics at dif- 
ferent stages of development from 
nursery to gospel doctrine depart- 
ments. To this end, self-discipline 
on the part of the teacher is essen- 
tial; and, in a high degree, love of 
God and fellowmen. "Love suffer- 
eth long and is kind." 

Any bishop may properly invite 

other teaching organizations in his 

— more on page 348 




P^on't you just "hate" people who 
*"* say, "I told you so"? We can't 
resist risking the penalty. 

We have been urging our secre- 
taries for years past to keep com- 
plete, accurate, and neat records. 
We have urged them to keep the 
historical record of their school. We 
have told them that some day those 
records would be called for — now 
the day of accounting has arrived. 
We hope that you are ready. 
We hope that the Sunday Schools 
will be among the first to respond. 

The following instructions, un- 
der date of May 2, 1949, have been 
received by us. You will receive 
your advice from your stake or 
mission president, or your bishop. 

Because of its importance, we 
are reproducing that part of these 
instructions which concerns the 
Sunday Schools. This letter was re- 
ceived from the office of the Church 
Historian and signed by Elder 
Joseph Fielding Smith. 

"In this dispensation the first 
commandment given to the Church 
on the day of its organization was 
that records should be kept, and 
that the history of the Latter-day 
Saints should be preserved. The im- 
portance of this work is given to us 
in Sections 21 and 128 of the Doc- 
trine and Covenants. 

"For this purpose a department 
in the Church was established in the 

beginning and has been conducted 
to the present day. It is impossible 
for one person to keep the records 
of the Church; therefore, individu- 
als have been appointed as stake 
clerks, ward clerks, mission record- 
ers, and secretaries of auxiliary or- 
ganizations with the responsibility 
to keep an accurate history of all 
events occurring in their individual 
organizations. The history of the 
people, the records of members and 
of organizations, and needful sta- 
tistics should be recorded religiously 
and preserved, not only for current 
needs, but for future uses of the 

"Because of so many changes in 
positions of leadership, brethren and 
sisters have not fully understood 
their responsibilities in the matter 
of record keeping and record preser- 
vation, particularly with regard to 
the position of the Church Histori- 
an's Office. For this reason it has 
been deemed advisable to outline 
the policies of the Church Histori- 
an's Office. Close adherence to the 
following policies will result in a 
more perfectly kept record that 
thereby we may not be found want- 
ing when we shall be called to ac- 
countability for our works: 


A. Send the following records for 
filing to the Church Historian's 



JULY, 1949 

Office, 47 East South Temple 
Street, Salt Lake City 1, Utah: 

1. Records of Members (all 
membership records from the 
beginning of your organiza- 

2. Historical Record Books 
(stake, ward, mission and 
branch minutes of meetings) 

3. Priesthood Minute Books 
(Melchizedek and Aaronic 
Priesthood quorums and 

4. Auxiliary Organization Min- 
ute Books 

B. Do not send in any books con- 
taining stubs of certificates 
(blessings of children, baptisms, 
records of ordinations, bank 
checks, etc.) Do not send in roll 
books which contain only lists 
of names and no minutes of 

C. When to send in: Send in now 
all records of members and all 
other records which have been 
completed. Current minute books 
should not be retained longer 
than one year after they are com- 

D. How to send: Any officer of the 
stake, ward or mission can bring 
such records to Salt Lake City. 
Written records cannot be 
shipped by parcel post. If shipped 
by mail they must go as first 

class matter. If properly packed 
and boxed they can be shipped 
by railway express or freight, 
provided that no written corre- 
spondence of any kind is en- 

. Where to keep records: Until 
filed with the Church Historian's 
Office, records should be kept 
under the jurisdiction of the in- 
dividual concerned with their 
compilation, or in the vaults of 
the ward, stake, or mission. Un- 
der no condition should records 
be allowed to remain in the 
homes of members after they are 
completed. Too many instances 
have occurred where individuals 
have retained possession of rec- 
ords which subsequently have 
been lost or destroyed. 

These instructions should be pro- 
perly preserved so that they may 
be made available to your suc- 

Please note these instructions 
carefully. Confer with your bishop 
or mission supervisor before send- 
ing any records to the Church His- 
torian's office — and remember you 
are not to send these records to the 
Sunday School office. 

(Continued from page 346) 
ward to recommend candidates for For instruction in detail, see 

membership in the teacher training teachers' training department in 
classes. this issue, page 3 54. 





A great many requests have come 
to the General Board for in- 
formation on what films are avail- 
able that are appropriate for use in 
the Sunday School classroom and 
where they may be obtained. All 
too often in the past, it has been 
necessary to say that the opportuni- 
ty for the use of films as a teach- 
ing media is almost limitless, but 
that appropirate films to use are 
almost non-existent. Gradually this 
barrier is being overcome. Produc- 
ers of educational films have im- 
proved the quality of their produc- 
tions to the point where, technical- 
ly, they are acceptable to even the 
most critical audience. 

Subject matter treated by almost 
all the available films is confined to 
the Old and New Testaments. This 
will of necessity continue as long 
as it is necessary to depend upon 
agencies outside the Church as the 
principal sources of supply, because 
these agencies produce for the en- 
tire Christian population. 

In the fields of the Old and New 
Testaments, however, there is a 
wealth of material available to the 
Sunday School teacher. The Deser- 
et Book Company has done yeoman 
service in screening and sifting the 
material produced and making 
available through their film sale and 
film rental departments, the ones 
which most appropriately can be 

used in the Sunday School class- 
room. Many splendid film slides, 
film strips, 16 mm. movies, etc. are 
available through these depart- 
ments, and their experts will be 
happy to consult with you in re- 
gard to the type of film that will 
best fit your need. 

The Brigham Young University, 
the University of Utah, and many 
other colleges and universities main- 
tain film lending and film rental 
services, and among the films avail- 
able there may be some that will 
be useful to you. A letter to such 
a college will generally suffice to 
have a catalog of the films in their 
library sent to you by mail. 

Sixteen mm. Sound Motion Pic- 
tures — Cathedral Films, for whom 
the Deseret Book Co. is distributor, 
has produced many fine pictures 
based on stories contained in the 
Bible. These have been reviewed, and 
the following are considered splen- 
did for use in our Sunday Schools. 
The title is listed together with the 
scripture upon which it is based. 
Simon Peter (Mark 1:16-39), The 
Calling of Matthew (Mark 2:13- 
17), A Certain Nobleman (John 
4:46-54), The Story of the Prodi- 
gal Son (Luke 15:11-32), The Rich 
Young Ruler (Mark 10:13-31), 
The Blind Beggar of Jerusalem 
(John 9-10), The Unfaithful Serv- 
ant (Matthew 18:21-35), Man of 



Faith (Mark 11:1-12) , No Greater 
Power (Luke 19:1-10), Who Is My 
Neighbor (Luke 10:25-37), A Wo- 
man to Remember (Luke 7:36-50), 
Jairus Daughter (Luke 8:40-56), 
Stephen, Queen Esther, Amos, The 
Child of Bethlehem, and A Voice 
in the Wilderness. These generally 
can be rented at from $6 to $8 for 
the first day and $3 for each addi- 
tional day. 

Sixteen mm. movies available 
on subjects of special interest to our 
Church are Where the Saints Have 
Trod, Temple Square, Tribute to 
Tdhh, Pioneer Centennial Scout 
Film, This Is the Place, and Latter- 
day Saint Leaders, Past and Present. 

Movies concerning teacher train- 
ing that can very appropriately be 
used to present to Sunday School 
faculties include Maintaining Class- 
room Discipline, Diagnostic Ap^ 
proach, Remedial Program, Devel- 
oping Pupil Interest, Teacher and 
Pupil Planning, and Working To- 

A great many still slides on Bib- 
lical subjects are available. They 

generally are of 35 mm. size, 
mounted in 2 by 2 inch cardboard 
or glass mounts. Subjects are chief- 
ly reproductions of famous paint- 
ings on religious themes. Many of 
these slides are unsuitable because 
they show angels with wings and 
other features that do not conform 
to our belief, but most of them can 
very profitably be shown in our 
Sunday Schools. Among the most 
satisfactory are the Visserslides. 
There are six sets of these with fifty 
slides to each set. Subjects covered 
in the sets are: Sets Nos. 1, 2, and 

3 portray the lif e of Christ. Set No. 

4 is concerned with the early New 
Testament Church. Sets Nos. 5 and 
6 include Old Testament scenes. 
These may be obtained at the Des- 
eret Book Co. 

Undoubtedly, many other fine 
and appropriate films are available 
and many more will be produced 
in the future. As these come to our 
attention, we shall be happy to keep 
you informed in regard to them. 

— /. Holman Waters 

{Continued from page 345) 
"The branch now is almost fully tivity, whereas only a few were ac- 

organized and has bought the 
Country Club building which is 
fully equipped, having a kitchen, 
refrigeration units, tables, chairs, 
dishes, and other incidentals of pri- 
mary importance. 

"As a result of missionary activi- 
ty and an organized Sunday School, 
a great many people in this area 
have been baptized; and many 
others have been brought into ac- 

tive before. All have found great 
joy in the Lord's work." 

Stories like these could be re- 
ported from everywhere through- 
out the Church, from the plains of 
Wyoming, the mountains of Colo- 
rado, the valleys of Utah, from the 
Atlantic to the Pacific, and in for- 
eign lands as well as on the islands 
of the oceans, wherever, in short, 
the influence of the Church is felt. 



VII. Music in the Junior Sunday School 

** A group of children singing 
together are closer to the 
angels than they ever are in any 
other activity. A period of such 
elevation of spirit carries them 
through many a trying hour," says 
Angelo Patri. 1 Children love to 
sing. It is one of the first ways a 
child has of expressing himself 
spiritually. In the Junior Sunday 
School we should give the children 
many opportunities to sing. Let 
them sing over and over the songs 
they know, as well as the new ones 
they are continually learning. They 
love to sing about the familiar 
things in their lives. They also need 
to sing songs concerning the 
Church and the restored gospel so 
that we may implant faith in their 
hearts at an early age. 

Such songs would be those which 
teach the truths of the gospel as 
revealed through Joseph Smith. 
Many of them are not written nor 
composed by members of the 
Church, but the sentiment and 
message in them are those of the 
Church. Then there are those which 
pertain to events in our Latter-day 
Saint history and which only we 
understand, songs relating to the. 
Prophet and the truths revealed to 
him. These songs should be taught 

1 Patri, newspaper column. 

to our young children because of 
their power to impress truth upon 
the soul of a child. Of course, they 
should be talked about and ex- 
plained so that the small children, 
right from the beginning, will get 
their messages and the proper as- 
sociations. These songs, with their 
associations, will give the children 
strength, comfort, and faith during 
their lives, as well as giving them 
an inspiring and joyful means of 
worship now. Authorities on the 
philosophy of music are agreed that 
much of the effect that music has 
on a human being is the result of 
association. Teachers of children 
appreciate the importance of stor- 
ing the mind with "reserves of 
strength and soul nourishment," 
through these associations. 

Sometimes we in the Junior Sun- 
day School neglect the hymns of 
the Church. We think they are be- 
yond the comprehension of our 
small children. Religious truth in 
the form of hymns is highly valu- 
able, because hymns are easily 
learned, even by small children. 
There are many of our hymns in- 
cluded in the new book for chil- 
dren, The Children Sing, which will 
be available sometime soon. Let us 
teach these hymns and use them 
over and over again. Let our young 
— more on page 363 

Sacramental lllustc and \^em for 
September ana Kyctooer 


Moderate con moto 

Gerrit de Jong, Jr. 








« ' & 


P ■*■ 




-t» a*- 







How great the wisdom and the love 
That filled the courts on high, 

And sent the Savior from above 
To suffer, bleed, and die. 



-I i J - 

J 1 1 _stl 














vl/ard CJ acuity — 
oJeacher improvement 


"CW the year 1949-50 your facul- 
ty meeting committee has de- 
cided upon a two-fold program: 

1. For the business and report 
portion of the year's faculty 
meetings — "The Twlelve 
Characteristics of a Superior 
Sunday School." 

2. For the teacher improvement 
portion of the year's work — 
"The Twelve Most Important 
Things in Effective Gospel 

It is suggested that for the Sep- 
tember meeting those two subjects 
be made the basis for a round-table 
discussion to be participated in by 
all Sunday School officers and teach- 

Each month helpful articles will 
appear in The Instructor, but at the 
outset it will prove stimulating for 
local Sunday School workers to set 
down their own convictions on the 
two subjects suggested. As the year 
progresses, they may then check 
their thinking against the ideas to 
be submitted in these pages. 

Already the members of the 
general board, stake superintenden- 
cies and board, and local superin- 
tendents, officers, and teachers are 
being asked for their contributions 
on the subject, "What Constitutes 

a Superior Sunday School?" Such 
suggestions as the following are in 

Fullest Possible Enrollment 

Regular Attendance 

Good Order 

A Spirit of Reverence 

Inspirational Singing 

Two and a Half Minute Talks 
Here is an opportunity to solicit 
the most constructive thinking of 
your Sunday School force. Here is 
the occasion for them to join in the 
shaping of the objectives toward 
which all your energies will be di- 
rected. Building a successful Sun- 
day School is not alone the respon- 
sibility of the superintendency. The 
superintendent and his counselors 
lead out — they set the pace — they 
offer the challenge. But a superior 
Sunday School becomes such 
through the united efforts of the 
entire Sunday School staff. 

In the matter of the improve- 
ment of teaching, stimulating plans 
are already under way — plans which 
unfold in monthly articles in The 
Instructor. The experience and wis- 
dom of the general board are al- 
ready being focused on "The Most" 
Important Things in Effective Gos- 
pel Teaching." These findings are 
— more on page 355 

cJeacher c/t 




lyfANY stakes are now taking ad- 
vantage of the church teacher 
training program to supply the 
need for teachers in auxiliary or- 
ganizations and priesthood quorums. 
Many stake presidents have learned 
that early recruitment for these 
classes is the easiest and most effec- 
tive way to meet inevitable short- 
ages. There must be teacher recruit- 
ment. Why not begin recruiting 
now? Why not call a sufficient 
number of alert and worthy young 
people into training for the open- 
ing class on September 25? This 
will be a reservoir of competent 
help to be drawn upon as the need 

There are two recognized pro- 
cedures in recruiting teachers for 
the program. Some stake presidents, 
during August, assign a high 
councilman to meet with each 
bishopric and to request the bishop- 
ric to supply the stake president, by 
the first of September, with a list 
of teacher trainees who, upon nomi- 
nation of Sunday School superin- 
tendencies and organization heads, 
have received and accepted a call 
from the bishop to take the teacher 
■training class. The high councilman 
follows through until the list from 
the ward assigned to him is in the 
hands of the stake president. 

The second method differs from 
the first in that recruitment is ini- 
tiated by the Stake Sunday School 
superintendency rather than by the 
stake presidency. Here the stake 
superintendent sends out instruc- 
tions to each ward superintendent 
to supply his bishop with a list of 
nominees for the teacher training 
classes, with the request that the 
bishop examine the list and call 
those whom he approves to take the 
course. By September 1, the ward 
superintendent should provide the 
stake superintendency with a list 
of the trainees who have been called 
by the bishops. 

Responsibility for organizing the 
classes rests on the stake superin- 
tendent or upon the assistant super- 
intendent to whom the teacher 
training work has been assigned. It 
is his duty to see that every ward 
has access to a teacher training 
class. At a meeting of the stake and 
ward superintendencies, any one of 
a number of plans may be adopted 
as conditions dictate. The ward may 
hold its own class, a group of wards 
may join to organize a class, or the 
stake board may organize one for 
all wards. Where wards are isolated 
or unable to organize a class, the 
"cadet" or "on-the-job" training 
plan (See Sunday School Handbook, 
Chap. XII.) may be best. 


At any rate, the classes should be 
organized and set into operation 
Sunday, September 25. 

A careful study of Chapter XII 
of the "Handbook" will be helpful 
to stake and ward officials. 

The teacher training supplement 
("Supplement to the Sunday School 
Teacher Training Course") and 
texts (Driggs, The Master's Art 
and Wahlquist, Teaching as the Di- 
rection of Activities) should be se- 
cured for the class teacher far in 
advance of the opening class. The 
trainees will want to place their 
orders at the first class session. 

It is worth noting that ward fac- 
ulty meetings and the teacher train- 
ing classes are quite different in pur- 
pose and membership. The ward 
faculty meeting is attended by the 
Sunday School teaching staff, and 
its purpose is in-service training. 
The teacher training class is organ- 
ized for beginning, not experienced, 
teachers who have not qualified 
themselves as teachers. The class is 



preparatory, not in-service, train- 
ing. Separation of the two types 
has been found advisable for sev- 
eral reasons: 

1. The staff members should 
have completed the teacher 
training course. 
Instruction for beginners 
should be more elementary 
than that for regular teachers. 
Where the two groups are 
joined, the experienced people 
tend to monopolize the time 
and to deprive the beginners 
of opportunities for the ex- 
pression and practice which 
the course contemplates. 
The new teacher training supple- 
ment published by the Deseret Sun- 
day School Board should be of great 
assistance to the instructor of the 
class and very helpful to the train- 
ees. Instructors are requested to use 
the lessons at the end of the manual 
for those training for Junior Sun- 
day School teaching. 

— H. A. Dixon 

(Continued from page 353) 

to be supplemented and enriched 
by capitalizing on the suggestions 
of some of the other strongest 
teachers in our educational institu- 
tions. Already we have had most 
generous and helpful cooperation 
from the University of Utah, the 
Brigham Young University, the 

best teaching in our community. 
The findings of their teachers 
should be most stimulating to all 
of us. The reports that have already 
reached us are rich in their ideas 
drawn from the experience of suc- 
cessful teachers. 

As you and your fellow workers 

Salt Lake City Schools, the Granite launch another season's work, try 
School District, Murray City putting down your combined rec- 
Schools and the Jordan School Dis- ollections of the most outstanding 
trict. These institutions certainly and inspiring teachers you ever had. 
are representative of some of the — more on page 363 


[References for September JLi 



Church News — Weekly Church Section of 

Deseret News. 
Era — The Improvement Era. 
Instructor — The Instructor. 
R. S. Mag. — -The Relief Society Magazine. 


What It Means to be a Latter-day Saint 

Chapter 32. The Missions — in North 

"Missionary Work Opened Among Indi- 
ans of Six-Nation Tribes," Church News, 
Oct. 4, 1947, p. 8. Missionary work among 
the Indians. 

Spencer W. Kimball, "Responsibility Ours 
to Take Gospel to Indians," Church News, 
Oct. 11, 1947, pp. 5, 16. Our responsibility 
toward the Lamanites. 

"Leaders See Bright Future in Many 
Lands," Church News, Dec. 20, 1947, pp. 
12-13. Report on missionary activities in 
various fields. 

John H. Taylor, "Conference Address," 
Era, vol. 47, May, 1944, pp. 341-342. Dis- 
cussion of missionary work. 

T. Edgar Lyon, "Orson Pratt — A Bio- 
graphical Study," Instructor, vol. 82, 
March, 1947, pp. 112-116. Missionary ex- 
periences discussed. 

Jed E. Harris, "Missionary Related 
Healing Experience in Virginia," Church 
News, March 11, 1944, p. 9. 

Chapter 33. The Missions — in Europe 

Thomas C. Romney, "Emigration and 
the Missionary Movement," Church News, 
April 5, 1947, pp. 10-12. 

Preston Nibley, "Tells of Saints in Eng- 
land as Pioneers Begin Trek to West," 
Church News, March 8, 1947, pp. 11-12. The 
missionary work of Orson Hyde, Parley P. 
Pratt, and others. 

Ezra Taft Benson, "The Gospel Is Eu- 
rope's Greatest Need," Church News, April 
12, 1947, pp. 12, 18. Comments on the need 
of preaching the gospel in England. 

Heber C. Jakobs, "First Czech Mission 
Post-war Conference," Church News, Dec. 
6, 1947, pp. 4, 10. The reopening of the 
Czech Mission. 

George A. Smith, "My Journal," Instruc- 
tor, vol. 82, Sept., 1947, pp. 415-417; In- 
structor, vol. 82, Oct., 1947, pp. 475-477. 
Missionary experiences in England. 


Preston Nibley, "Braving the Angry 
Deep," Church News, June 3, 1944, p. 11. 
An interesting missionary story. 

Andre K. Anastasiou, "Former Mission 
Head Tells of Experiences," Church News, 
Feb. 10, 1945, p. 12. Experiences in British 

Thomas E. McKay, "Saints Carry on in 
Europe," Church News, Oct. 13, 1945, p. 8. 
Conference report on the European mis- 

Ezra T. Benson, "Special Mission to 
Europe," Era, vol. 50, May, 1947, pp. 293- 
294. The European Mission. 

Chapter 34. The Missions — in the Pacific. 

Joseph J. Cannon, George Q. Cannon," 
Instructor, vol. 79, Aug., 1944, pp. 367-368, 
Sept., 1944, pp. 418-422. Missionary exper- 
iences in the Hawaiian Islands. 

John T. Adams, "Mormon Samoan Vil- 
lage Notes Founding," Church News, Jan. 
1, 1944, p. 6. Description of a Samoan con- 
ference held in native style. 

"Two Japanese Elders, First of Their 
Race from Mission to Serve in Islands," 
Church News, May 20, 1944, pp. 12-16. The 
conversion and missionary experiences of 
two Japanese elders. 

Emile C. Dunn, "Church Grows on Ton- 
gan Island," Church News, April 28, 1945. 
p. 9. Missionary work in the Tongan 

Roma Larsen, "President Clissold Takes 
Hold of New Field Upon Arrival in Japan," 
Church News, April 24, 1948, p. 4. Activi- 
ties in the Japanese Mission. 

Edward L. Clissold, "A Call to Japan," 
Era, vol. 51, April, 1948, pp. 206-208. The 
new Japanese Mission. 

Preston Nibley, "The Gift of Interpre- 
tation — A Missionary Experience," Church 
News, March 4, 1944, p. 15. Experiences of 
first missionaries in the Hawaiian Islands. 

John Q. Adams, "Samoan Persecutions," 
Church News, Dec. 1, 1948, p. 3. Church 
members win right to religious convictions. 

Matthew Cowley, "Among the Polyne- 
sians," Era, vol. 51, Nov., 1948, pp. 699, 
756-758. Faith-promoiting missionary ex- 

Rosannah Cannon Irvine, "Hawaii and 
the Latter-day Saints," R. S. Mag., vol. 36, 
Mar. 1949, pp. 166-170. History of Hawaiian 

Chapter 35. Other Missions — South Africa 
and Asia. 

"Central American Missionary Work 
Opens," Church News, Oct. 25, 1947, p. 4. 


William W. Seegmiller, "Report on Ac- 
tivities in Brazilian Mission," Church News, 
Oct. 13, 1945, p. 10. Conference report on 
Brazilian mission. 

"Missionary Work in South America 
Makes Definite Gain," Church News, April 
17, 1948, p. 6. 

"The Church in the World Today — Ja- 
pan," Church News, April 24, 1949, p. 14. 
Conditions in the Japanese mission. 

Henry A. Smith, "Chinese Mission Ful- 
fills Prayer of Humble Merchant," Church 
News, April 24, 1949, p. 14. Opening of new 
Chinese Mission. 


Old Testament Stories 

Chapter 34. Samson, the Giant Weakling 

Editorial, "Samson Was a Weakling" 
Church News, Jan. 12, 1949, p. 24. Impor- 
tance of combating temptation. 

The Church of Jesus Christ 

Lesson 30. Nephi Views Our Day 

El Ray L. Christiansen, "American 
Statesmen — Their Attitude Toward God," 
R. S. Mag., vol. 33, Feb., 1946, pp. 75-78. 
America to remain a choice land as long 
as she adheres to righteous principles. 

Harold B. Lee, "Except the Lord Build 
the House," Church News, June 30, 1945, 
pp. 10, 12. Brief discussion of Book of Mor- 
mon prophecies concerning our day. 

Adam S. Bennion, "Pioneers of Freedom," 
Church News, July 28, 1945, pp. 1, 6. Ne- 
phi's utterances regarding America. 

Joseph Fielding Smith, "The Marvelous 
Work and the Wonder," Church News, Aug. 
12, 1944, pp. 10, 12. Predictions concerning 
the Book of Mormon. 

Joseph F. Merrill, "A Marvelous Book," 
Church News, Dec. 8, 1945, pp. 10, 12. The 
coming forth and the translation of the 
Book of Mormon. 

Franklin S. Harris, Jr., "The Book of 
Mormon — Message and Evidences," Church 
News, July 6, 1946, pp. 6, 7; and "Modern 
Problems," July 13, 1946, pp. 6, 8. Com- 
ments on the message of and truthfulness 
of the Book of Mormon. 

Franklin S. Harris, Jr., "The Book of 
Mormon and the Bible," Church News, 
Aug. 10, 1946, pp. 10, 12. Book of Mormon 
and Bible compared. 

John Henry Evans, "Conversions Through 
the Book of Mormon," Instructor, vol. 79, 
Oct., 1944, p. 469. The origin and destiny 
of the Indians. 

"Elders Take Gospel to Indian Tribe First 
Time Since Days of Prophet," Church News, 
Sept. 13, 1947, p. 8. Indian tribe shows ac- 
tive interest in story of their forefathers. 

"Missionary Work Opened Among Indi- 
ans," Church News, Oct. 4, 1947, p. 8. Ca- 
nadian Indians begin to receive gospel. 

Spencer W. Kimball, "Responsibility Ours 
to Take Gospel to Indians," Church News, 
Oct. 1, 1947, pp. 5, 16. How Indians willing- 
ly accept gospel when it is brought to them. 

Lesson 31. A Gentile Crosses Many Waters 

Levi Edgar Young, "Christopher Colum- 
bus : Was His Work Designed by God," 
Church News, Sept. 14, 1946, p. 10. A Brief 
discussion of Columbus. 

Levi Edgar Young, "They Prepared the 
Way," Church News, August 18, 1945, p. 
10. Columbus, inspired of God. 

Howard R. Driggs, "Colonial Founders of 
America in Literature," R. S. Mag., vol. 33, 
Aug., 1946, pp. 557, 561. Columbus believed 
he was inspired of God. 

Lesson 32. The Conquest of Mexico 

Spencer W. Kimball, "Weep O World, 
for the Indian," Era, vol. 50, May, 1947, p. 
292. A brief discussion on Cortez in Mexico. 

Franklin S. Harris, Jr., "Christ in An- 
cient America," Church News, Sept. 28, 
1946, pp. 10, 12. Indian traditions on white 

Lesson 33. Englishmen in Search of 

Daryl Chase, "Look Unto the Rock, 
Whence Ye Are Hewn," R. S. Mag., vol. 

32, April, 1945, pp. 195-199. Brief com- 
ments on the Pilgrim migration. 

Adam S. Bennion, "Pioneers of Free- 
dom," Church News, July 28, 1945, pp. 1, 
6, English background of our freedom. 

Joseph F. Smith, "Rely Upon the Lord," 
Era, vol. 49, May, 1946, pp. 289, 320. Sum- 
mary of events leading up to the Declara- 
tion of Independence. 

Levi Edgar Young, "They Prepared the 
Way," Church News, Aug. 18, 1945, p. 10. 
A discussion of men and events that pre- 
pared the way for our freedom. 

Howard R. Driggs, "Colonial Founders 
of America in Literature, R. S. Mag., vol. 

33, Aug., 1946, p. 557. Inspiration of colo- 
nial founders. 


The Restored Church at Work 

Chapter 34. Temples and Temple Work 

General Reference: Pictures and cover 
picture articles running through Instructor, 
vol. 79, 1944. 

John A. Widtsoe, "Eternal Hope," 
Church News, April 1, 1944, pp. 10-12. Vi- 
carious services for the dead. 

Matthew Cowley, "Simple Faith in God 
Will Bring Peace to all Nations," Church 
News, Oct. 11, 1947, pp. 8-18. Our respon- 
sibility to dead ancestors. 



Editorial, "The House of the Lord," Kra, 
vol. 48, Oct., 1945, p. 584. Blessings derived 
from working in the temple. 

Harold B. Lee, "In Holy Temples," 
Church News, April 15, 1945, pp. 10, 12. 
Temples and temple work. 

"Evidences and Reconciliations," Era, 
vol. 47, Sept., 1944, pp. 557, 574. Our obli- 
gation to the dead. 

John A. Widtsoe, "Does Temple Marriage 
Diminish Divorce ?" Era, vol. 51, Oct., 1948, 
pp. 641, 656. 

Editorial, "Marriage Should Be Sacred," 
Church News, May 15, 1949, p. 24. Reasons 
for temple marriage. 

Chapter 35. Genealogy. 

Fern C. Showalter, "Ancestry Is Found 
by Radio Announcement," Church News, 
Jan. 15, 1944, p. 12. How valuable family 
history was acquired from hearing a radio 

George F. Webb, "More Than a Coinci- 
dence," Church News, March 11, 1944, p. 
12. Radio announcement gives clue for ob- 
taining valuable family history. 

Joseph Fielding Smith, "The Coming of 
Elijah," Church News, Oct. 7, 1944, pp. 
14-16. The significance of the coming of 

Joseph Fielding Smith, "The Evidence of 
Elijah's Coming," Church News, Oct. 14, 
1944, pp. 19. Results of Elijah's coming 
are far-reaching and manifold. 

Archibald F. Bennett, "Genealogical So- 
ciety Records Phenomenal Growth," Church 
News, Nov. 4, 1944, pp. 8-10. Fifty years of 

"Evidences and Reconciliations," "How 
Does Work for the Dead Promote World 
Peace?" Era, vol. 51, June, 1948, pp. 385, 
400. Spirit of unselfishness developed by 
temple work. 

J. Reuben Clark, Jr., "Salvation for the 
Dead," Church News, June 27, 1948, p. 19. 
Our position in the hereafter determined 
by our good works. 

Genealogical Department, "Standards in 
Research," Church News, Feb. 8, 1947, pp. 
5, 9. Seeking after our dead our greatest 

Archibald F. Bennett, "The Great Cause 
of Tomorrow," Church News, Dec. 20, 1947, 
p. 20. Modern research in genealogy and 
its glorious future. 

Eugene Olsen, "Genealogical Stone 
Walls," Era, vol. 50, March, 1947, p. 174. 
How a family searched for twenty years 
for important genealogical data. 

Joseph Fielding Smith, "Elijah's Mission 
to the World," Era, vol. 51, May, 1948, pp. 
277, 315. The mission of Elijah. 

Bruce R. McConkie, "Now Is the Day of 
Our Salvation," Era, vol. 51, May, 1948. 
Salvation for the dead. 

George Albert Smith, "On Searching for 
Family Records," Era, vol. 49, Aug., 1946, 
pp. 491, 540. 


John A. Widtsoe, "The Verdict of Gen- 
ealogy," Church News, Feb. 2, 1949, p. 23. 
Genealogy of Joseph Smith. 

Chapter 36. Joy, the Goal of Life. 

John A. Widtsoe, "The Objective of 
Life," Church News, Jan. 29, 1944, pp. 10- 
12. Happiness comes from growth which 
is a product of life and proper living. 

Editorial, "Wisdom's Paths," Church 
News, Feb. 26, 1944, p. 1. Adherence to re- 
ligious beliefs brings happiness. 

Spencer W. Kimball, "The Peace Which 
Passeth Understanding," Church News, 
June 10, 1944, pp. 4, 13. An address to B. 
Y. U. graduates on a way of life that 
brings happiness. 

Editorial, "A Question of Motives," 
Church News, Dec. 9, 1944, p. 1. Unselfish 
motives bring joy. 

Ezra Taft Benson, "Marriage, Home, 
Family — Part of a Divine Plan," Church 
News, Oct. 11, 1947, pp. 5, 16. Learning 
and practicing the gospel in the home 
brings joy. 

Mark A. Benson, "Seek Ye First the 
Kingdom of God," Church News., Dec. 13, 
1947, pp. 8, 12. 

Editorial, "The Glad New Year," Church 
News, Dec. 27, 1947, p. 1. Attributes that 
bring happiness. 

Thomas E. McKay, "Men Are that They 
Might Have Joy," Era, vol. 50, Nov., 1947, 
pp. 725, 772. Activity in the church brings 

Harold B. Lee, "The Abundant Life," 
Era, vol. 49, Nov., 1946, pp. 702, 759. Our 
church gives a chartered way for the living 
of the abundant life. 

Thorpe B. Isaacson, "The Way to Happi- 
ness," Era, vol. 51, May, 1948, p. 300. 
Happiness comes through keeping God's 

David O. McKay, "Conference Address," 
Church News, Oct. 5, 1945, pp. 3, 19. True 
religion brings happiness. 

Franklin L. West, "The Joyous Abundant 
Life," Church News, Jan. 20, 1946, pp. 10, 
12. The religious life is the joyous life. 

Lowell L. Bennion, "The Book of Mor- 
mon — A Guide to Religious Living," "XII. 
Man's Search for Happiness," Instructor, 
vol. 83, Dec, 1948, pp. 567-570. Joy is found 
by seeking God and His righteousness. 

Chapter 37. Helps to Safety and Happiness 

Nicholas G. Smith, "Remember the Sab- 
bath Day and Keep it Holy," Church News, 
Jan. 4, 1944, pp. 4, 7. Commandments and 
views regarding the Sabbath today and 

Editorial, "Applies Today," Church News, 
April 15, 1944, p. 1. Comments on observing 
the Sabbath. 

Editorial, "As Old as Time," Church 
News, May 27, 1944, p. 1. Brief discussion 
of scriptures on accepting and sustaining 
living servants of God. 


Editorial, "As a Man Thinketh," Church 
News, Aug. 12, 1944, p. 1. Right attitudes 
are safeguards. 

Editorial, "Be Orthodox," Church News, 
Aug. 19, 1944, p. 1. Teaching revealed 

Levi Edgar Young, "Early America and 
the Sabbath Day," Church News, Sept. 9, 

1944, p. 2. Sabbath day observance of dif- 
ferent people and great men. 

George Albert Smith, "President Smith 
Gives Scouting Address," Church News, 
Feb. 22, 1947, pp. 1, 8. Inspirational advice 
for young people. 

Editorial, "Shall We Play on the Sab- 
bath?" Church News, March 8, 1947, p. 1. 
The Sabbath is a sacred day. 

J. Reuben Clark, Jr., "President Clark 
Counsels Seminary Graduates," Church 
News, May 17, 1947, pp. 1, 4. Safeguard- 
ing our happiness. 

Richard L. Evans, "God is in This Place 
and I Knew it not," Church News, June 
7, 1947, pp. 6, 8. The question of right 
should govern our decisions. 

Editorial, "Law of the Sabbath," Church 
News, July 5, 1947, p. 1. The Sabbath is a 
sanctified day. 

Henry D. Moyle, "Doing What We 
Ought," Church News, June 6, 1948, p. 6. 
Doing what we ought to do in God's king- 

Joseph Jacobs, "The Observance of the 
Sabbath Day," R. S. Mag., vol. 34, Nov., 

1947, pp. 787-790. What is proper Sabbath 
observance ? 

Harold B. Lee, "Choose the Right," 
Church News, Jan. 7, 1945, pp. 14, 16; 
"Problems of Youth," Church News, Jan. 
14, 1945, pp. 10, 12; "Ideals," Church 
News, Feb. 4, 1945, pp. 14, 16 ; "The Con- 
stitution for a Perfect Life," Church News, 
Feb. 18, 1945, pp. 14, 16; "The Worth of 
a Human Soul," Church News* April 1, 

1945, pp. 14, 16. Discussions relative to 
living righteously to safeguard our happi- 
ness here and hereafter. 

Editorial, "The Sabbath Day," Church 
News, Jan. 14, 1946, p. 1. Comments on 
Sabbath Day observance. 

Harold B. Lee, "Take Time to Be Holy," 
Church News, April 22, 1945, p. 10. Sab- 
bath day observance. 

Matthew Cowley, "Religion and Moral 
Reconstruction," Church News, Jan. 6, 

1946, Our religion teaches a moral way 
of life. 

O. H. Snow, "Sabbath Day Observance," 
Era, vol. 49, June 1946, p. 360. 

Adam S. Bennion, "Sunday School Con- 
ference Address," Instructor, vol. 83, Dec., 

1948, pp. 561-564, 570. What to do on the 
Sabbath Day. 


Life in Ancient America 

General Reference : Lowell L. Bennion, 
"The Book of Mormon — A Guide to Reli- 
gious Living," Instructor, a series running 
through vol. 83, 1948. 

Chapter 34. Moroni Versus Aitialickiah. 

Leland H. Monson, "He Who Lives by 
the Sword," Church News, Jan. 13, 1945, 
p. 15. Story of Amalickiah. 

Chapter 37. Nephi. 

Leland H. Monson, "And the Rains 
Came," Church News, April 7, 1945, pp. 
15-16. Nephi called a famine down upon 
the people. 

Archibald F. Bennett, "Nephi, Son of 
Helaman," Era, vol. 48, May, 1945, pp. 
284-286. A discussion of Nephi, son of 
Helaman, and Nephi, the disciple. 


Good Tidings to All People 

General Reference: Russel B. Swensen, 
Instructor, New Testament studies, a series 
beginning vol. 80, Jan., 1945 and contin- 
uing through vols. 81 and 82. 

Chapter 34. Placing First Things First. 

Mark A. Benson, "Seek Ye First the 
Kingdom of God," Church News, Dee. 13, 
1947, pp. 8, 12. God's chosen people should 
put his work first. 

Chapter 35. Humility. 

Lowell L. Bennion, "Sources of 
Strength," R. S. Mag., vol. 32, Oct., 1946, 
pp. 628-629. Charitable people are not 
proud or intolerant. 

Lowell L. Bennion, "The Book of Mor- 
mon — A Guide to Religious Living," "IX. 
Motives in Religious Living," Instructor, 
vol. 83, Sept., 1948, pp. 406-409. Book of 
Mormon "teachings concerning humility 

Chapter 36. To Forgive and Be Forgiven 

George Albert Smith, "The Spirit of 
Forgiveness," Era, vol. 48, Aug., 1945, p. 
443. Cultivate the disposition to forgive 
one another. 

Editorial, "The Law of Forgiveness," 
Church News, May 24, 1947, p. 1. We must 
forgive all men if we expect the Lord to 
forgive us of our trespasses. 

Chapter 37. True Neighborliness. 

Harold B. Lee, "What Is the Church 
Welfare Plan?" Instructor, vol. 81, July, 
1946, pp. 313-316. 

Editorial, "Who Is My Neighbor?" Era, 
vol. 48, Aug., 1945, p. 460. A discussion 
of true neighborliness. 

Marion G. Romney, "Church Welfare an 
Opportunity," Era, vol. 47, March, 1944, 
pp. 140-141. The church welfare plan helps 
us to live the gospel in its fulness. 

Editorial, "The Lord's Way," Church 
News, March 24, 1945, p. 1. The Lord's way 
of caring for the poor and needy. 



J. Reuben Clark, Jr., "Conference Ad- 
dress," Church News, April 14, 1945, pp. 
1, 15. Discussion of the Church welfare 

Marion G. Romney, "Significance of 
Church Welfare," Church News, Oct. 13, 
1945, p. 11. 

Henry D. Moyle, "Welfare Program 
Fosters Closer Family Relations," Church 
News, Oct. 11, 1947, pp. 6, 17. The welfare 
program brings unity in the family and 
in the church. 

Harold B. Lee, "Forward in the Wel- 
fare Program from 1947," Church News, 
Dec. 20, 1947, p. 7. The welfare program 
is making a great contribution to the hap- 
piness of Church members. 

"Evidences and Reconciliations," "What 
Did the Pioneers Contribute to the Welfare 
of Others?" Era, vol. 50, Sept., 1947, pp. 
597, 606. 

Franklin L. West, "Feed My Sheep," 
Church News, March 16, 1946, pp. 10, 12. 
Sharing and contributing to the happiness 
of others brings great satisfaction. 

Henry D. Moyle, "Feed My Sheep," 
Church News, April 10, 1948, p. 5. The pri- 
mary purposes of the welfare program. 


The Latter-day Saint Family 

Chapter 34. Legal Aspects of Marriage 

"Ward Youth Leadership Outline of 
Study," Era, vol. 50, Oct., 1947, pp. 668, 
669. Assisting young people to associate in- 
telligently in more ways than mere recrea- 
tion, in order to better "judge the merits of 
a contemplated marriage partner and be 
better prepared to shoulder responsibilities 
of marriage. 

Chapter 35. New Horizons for the Family 

David O. McKay, "Marriage and Divorce," 
Era, vol. 48, May, 1945, pp. 238, 239, 314. 

Harold B. Lee, "The Rapture of the Mo- 
ment or the Peace of Years," Church News, 
May 5, 1945, pp. 10, 12. Questions of last- 
ing value discussed. 

Chapter 36. New Horizons for the Family 

John A. Widtsoe, "Religion and the Fami- 
ly," Church News, April 29, 1944, p. 10. 
Need of instruction in family relationships. 

Harold B. Lee, "Toward Happy Homes," 
Church News, May 19, 1945, pp. 10, 12. 
Values that make for ultimate joy should 
be sought after. 

Joseph Fielding Smith, "Celestial Mar- 
riage Leads to Fulness of Glory," Church 
News, Oct. 12, 1946, pp. 7, 16. Marriage for 
time and all eternity necessary to attain 
the highest degree of glory. 

Editorial, "Family Prayer," Church News, 
Nov. 29, 1947, p. 1. Strength and unity 
where family prayer is practiced, 


George Albert Smith, "The Family Hour," 
Era, vol. 51, April, 1948, p. 201, 248. Im- 
portance of home evening in maintaining 
true Latter-day Saint family. 

Chapter 37. The Family Unit 

Archibald F. Bennett, "How A Quorum 
Might Encourage Gathering, Compiling of 
Genealogy," Church News, Jan. 19, 1946, p. 
2. Personal family records, guidance in re- 
search, and related subjects. 

Joseph Fielding Smith, "The Eternity of 
the Family," Church News, Dec. 9, 1944, pp. 
10, 12. Marriage was instituted by God to 
endure eternally. 

"What Is Our Personal Obligation for 
the Salvation of the Dead?" Era, vol. 47, 
Sept., 1944, pp. 557, 574. Importance of 
genealogical research to Latter-day Saints. 


Doctrine and Covenants Studies 

General Reference: T. Edgar Lyon, "The 
Doctrine and Covenants and the Church," 
Instructor, vol. 84, a series running through 

Lesson 32. Prophecy on War. 

David O. McKay, "Will Nations Avert 
a World War III?" Era, vol. 47, Nov., 

1944, pp. 657, 708. Will nations be wise 
enough to avert a third world war? 

J. Reuben Clark, Jr., "Demand for Pro- 
per Respect of Human Life," Era, vol. 49, 
Nov., 1946, pp. 688, 740. The futility of 
war on human life and effort. 

Melchizedek Priesthood Department, "The 
Great Prophecy on War," Church News, 
June 27, 1948, p. 6. 

Lesson 33. Gospel Light and Redemption 
of the Soul. 

Stephen L Richards, "Essentials for 
Spiritual Development," Era, vol. 48, May, 

1945, pp. 245, 289. A leader expresses con- 
cern for the spiritual welfare of members. 

Harold B. Lee, "Spiritual Re-Birth and 
Death," Era, vol. 50, Nov., 1947, pp. 716, 
752. Church members urged to so live that 
they will be guided by the Holy Ghost. 

Milton R. Hunter, "The Blessings of 
Eternal Life," Era, vol. 50, Nov. 1947, pp. 
732, 778. We must live the gospel in order 
to attain exaltation. 

David O. McKay, "Address on Easter and 
the Resurrection," Church News, April 5, 
1947, pp. 1, 8. The crucified Jesus is the 
resurrected Christ, the Redeemer of man- 

Harold B. Lee, "Out of the Shadows into 
Life and Light," Church News, June 2, 
1945, pp. 10, 12. Discussion of the resur- 

— more on page 363 

(junior Sunday School 



A ndre Maurois says in his recent 
autobiography that it has been 
his observation that the people who 
retain a faith in life throughout 
the years, in spite of trials and 
tribulations, are the ones who have 
had the good fortune to enjoy a 
happy childhood. 

It is the aim of the primary de- 
partment to contribute to that 
happiness and faith, first, by creat- 
ing an awareness of God and the 
good He has put in this world for 
our use, second, by helping children 
in their human relationships, third, 
by leading them to worthy pur- 
poses and worthy ways of attain- 
ing them, and, fourth, by deepen- 
ing their appreciation of the world 
in which we live. Every Sunday 
School class should become an hour 
of better living, and the child 
should go forth eagerly, aware of 
immediate opportunities for better 
living and anxious to participate in 
them. Life then becomes a total 
process instead of isolated sections. 

The lesson material for the pri- 
mary department has been divided 
into several units. A general objec- 
tive has been selected for each unit, 
and a number of specific problems 
have been listed. The aim has been 
to suggest lesson material toward 
helping the teacher in directing the 

child's responses regarding his own 

As the titles of our manuals, 
"Living Our Religion" and "Learn- 
ing, Loving and Living" indicate, 
the primary department course of 
study stresses right living. Under 
the heading "Joy Comes Through 
Sharing Responsibilities," there is a 
group of lessons planned to help 
boys and girls learn to share with 
others. Activities are suggested to 
give opportunities for sharing. 

In three units, lessons are planned 
to help children grow in apprecia- 
tion of, first, God and his great 
world, second, their homes and 
families, third, their country and 
state, and, fourth, their church, its 
leaders, and its principles. The units 
"We Grow Close to God When We 
Follow His Teachings" and "The 
Good Latter-day Saint is a Good 
Citizen" group together lessons 
planned to acquaint the children 
with some of the standards by which 
Latter-day Saints live. 

"Learning Something of Our- 
selves" and "Controlling Ourselves 
Is the Best Way to Serve Others" 
are two units of work planned to 
help the child evaluate and improve 
his own behavior. Lessons on being 
honest, cheerful, courageous, for- 
giving, friendly, punctual, and 



obedient are worked out in an at- 
tempt to help the child see some of 
the desirable qualities he might de- 
velop in his own life. An attempt 
is made to help him find ways to 
put these values into his daily liv- 

These various units of work are 
planned in an attempt to help meet 
the religious needs of boys and girls. 
Some of these needs are: 

1. Learning to love God 

2. Growing in appreciation and 
consideration of others 

3. Learning to be happy 

4. Supplanting fear with faith 

5. Learning the value of prayer 

6. Desiring baptism 

7. Telling and living the truth 

8. Gaining some knowledge of 
Biblical and Book of Mormon 

9. Gaining some knowledge of 
the history of our Church 

In teaching these lessons planned 
for the spiritual growth of six- and 
seven-year-old boys and girls, re- 
member there are many paths to a 
child's heart. Draw freely upon his 
own experiences. Help him to see 
the relationship of this little bit of 
his own living to the living of all 
people. Causes and outcomes should 
be consciously linked in his mind. 
Help him to be sensitive to the 
needs of those around him and to 
see how his own actions affect them. 
Arrange his experience to give him 
practice in constructive group co- 
operation — the gateway to the bro- 
therhood of man. 

— Margaret Ipson 

r PHE discussion next month will 
cover the spiritual influence of 
the musical activities of the Junior 
Sunday School program. 


(Prelude and postlude to use 
with gem will be found on page 

I will think of Jesus 

And in His name I'll pray 

That I may love and serve Him 
Upon this holy day. 


The following teaching materials 
may be used for lesson enrichment 
in any department of the Junior 
Sunday School. 

Verses which build faith through 
explaining the way of the world. 

The rain is raining all around, 

It falls on field and tree, 

It rains on the umbrellas here 

And on the ships at sea. 

— Robert Louis Stevenson 

A Shower 
Shower came; 
In I came; 
Blue sky came! 

— India 

Good Night 
Good night! good night! 
Far flies the night; 
But still God's love 
Shall flame above, 
Making all bright. 
Good night! Good night! 
— Victor Hugo 


Wind- Song 

Far on the desert ridges 

Stands the cactus 
Lo, the blossoms swaying 
To and fro, the blossoms swaying, 

— Pima Indian's Medicine Song 


Puva puva puval 

In the trail the beetles 

On each other's backs are sleeping. 

So on mine, my baby, thou. 

Puva puva puva. 

— Hopi Indians 


(Continued from page 351) 

children live in the influences of School music activities, let us re- 

the religious truths as set forth in member that there are sermons in 

our Latter-day Saint songs. The songs, and that through the sim- 

book, Latter-day Saint Songs for plest songs can we touch the heart 

Little People, which is published by of a child. — Beth Hooper 
the Deseret Sunday School Union 

Board, is another good source of (Another article on "Music in 

songs concerning the gospel. the Junior Sunday School" will ap- 

Through all our Junior Sunday pear next month.) 

(Continued from page 355) 

What were the things that stamped 
them as the teachers to be remem- 
bered? Who was it that said: 

"All teachers fall into three 

Those who are forgotten — 
Those who are forgiven — 
Those who are cherished 


What a challenge to you and to 
me! — Adam S. Bennion 

(Continued from page 360) 

Joseph F. Merrill, "Shall We Live Be- 
yond the Grave?" Church News, Oct. 6, 
1945, pp. 10, 12. 

Lesson 34. Meek Shall Inherit the Earth. 

Russel B. Swensen, "Blessed Are the 
Meek," Instructor, vol. 80, Sept., 1945, pp. 
418, 422. A discussion of the beatitude. 

Lesson 35. The Lord's Second Coming. 

Charles A. Callis, "Our Glorious Destiny," 

Era, vol. 48, Nov., 1945, p. 648. Events 
prior to the coming of the Savior. 

Ezra Taft Benson, "A Major Responsi- 
bility," Era, vol. 50, June, 1947, pp. 261, 
400. Our duty is to preach the gospel and 
warn the people. 

Joseph Fielding Smith, "The Dispensa- 
tion of the Fulness of Times," Church 
News, June 10, 1944, pp. 14, 16 ; Prepara- 
tion for the Coming of the Lord," Church 
News, June 17, 1944, pp. 10, 12. Prepara- 
tion for the second coming of the Lord. 




Johnny had finished a difficult 
geography lesson. On his way home 
he witnessed a serious accident. He 
came running into the house and 
exclaimed, "Say, Jack "Williams fell 
out of his car and nearly broke his 

"What in the world do you mean, 
Johnny?" asked his mother. 

"Peninsula! He fell out and al- 
most broke his peninsula — a long 
neck stretching out to see." 

"Everybody in our family is 
some kind of an animal," remarked 

"What do you mean?" asked his 

"Why, Mother, you're a dear, 
you know." 

"Ye-s," replied the mother 
thoughtfully. "And I guess baby is 
Mother's little lamb." 

"Sure," approved Tommy. "And 
I'm the kid, and Sis is a chicken, 
and Auntie is a cat, and little bro- 
ther is a pig, and Dad's the goat, 
and " 

"That's enough, Thomas." 

"Could I have tomorrow off, sir, 

to help my wife with the spring 


"No, we're much too busy." 
"Thank you, sir. I knew I could 

rely on you." 



The Wisdom of Spinoza 

On Love 

He who lives according to reason 
endeavors to the utmost of his 
power to outweigh another man's 
hate, anger or despite against him 
with love or highmindedness. . . . 
He who chooses to avenge wrong 
by requiting it with hatred is as- 
suredly miserable. But he who 
strives to cast out hatred by love 
may fight his fight in joy and con- 

On Enforced Order 

If slavery, rudeness and desola- 
tion are to be called peace, then is 
peace the most wretched state of 
mankind. Truly there are more and 
sharper disputes between parents 
and children than between masters 
and slaves ; and yet it were no good 
housekeeping to make the father 
into a master, and hold the children 
for slaves. It makes for slavery, not 
for peace, to confer unlimited 
power on one man. 

The truth of a thing does not be- 
come greater by its frequent repe- 
tition, nor is it lessened by lack of 

The wise man is a greater asset 
to a nation than is a king. 

♦An anthology by Lewis Brown, Random 
House, New York. Used by permission. 

While Brother Brimley guided Los Angeles Stake Sunday Schools 
during "World War II, records were made in Junior Sunday School per- 
formance and attendance (one ward reaching an attendance of nearly 
two hundred) , library work, and faculty meetings that stand out in the 
entire history of Latter-day Saint Sunday Schools. 

Wilford C. Brimley's first Sunday School job was in Salt Lake City's 
Fifth Ward, where as a Sabbath school tot his feet had dangled from the 
high benches in the adobe meetinghouse. There, when only 18, he was 
named to the ward superintendency. One of the first "follow-up" jobs 
was to tap each Sunday on the window of the organist's home to get her 
up in time for prayer meeting. 

It is such checking-up that has brought success to Wilford C. Brim- 
ley, who has directed Sunday Schools from Nottingham, England, to Cali- 
fornia's coast. He is one of the all-time stalwarts in the cause. 

— Wendell J. Ashton 

Lesson Departments 

H. Aldous Dixon 
A. Parley Bates 
William P. Miller 
Addie L. Swapp 

Gerrit de Jong 
J. Holman Waters 
Hugh B. Brown 
Henry Eyring 
William E. Berrett 

A. William Lund 
Thomas L. Martin 
Archibald F. Bennett 

Carl F. Eyring 
Don B. Col ton 
Richard E. Folland 

Earl J. Glade 
Leland H. Monson 
Carl J. Christensen 


Ralph B. Keeler 

David Lawrence McKay 

Wilford Moyle Burton 


Wallace F. Bennett 

Wendell J. Ashton 

Edith Ryberg 

W. Lowell Castleton 

(same as Advanced 

Kenneth S. Bennion 

Inez Witbeck 

Nellie H. Kuhn 

Le Roy Bishop 
Lucy G. Sperry 
Melba Glade 

Eva May Green 


Margaret Ipson 
Hazel Fletcher Young 

Lorna Call Alder 
Claribel W. Aldo-u 
Hazel W. Lewis 


Marif Fox Felt 
Addie L. Swapp 


Don B. Col ton 

A. William Lund 

Richard E. Folland 
(Check-up and ro!iow-up) 

David Lawrence McKay 

Thomas L. Martin 

A. Parley Bates 

Inez Witbeck 

W. Lowell Castleton 

Adam S. Bennion 

Eva May Green 

Marion G. Merkley 

A. Le Roy Bishop 

Special Committees 

I. Holman Waters 
Lucy G. Sperry 
Wilford Moyle Burton 

Earl J. Glade 
Wendell J. Ashton 
Claribel W. Aldous 


Wendell J. Ashtor. 
J. Holman Waters 
Lorna Call Alder 


Alexander Schreiner 
Vernon ]. LeeMaster 
Lowell M. Durham 

Florence S. Allen 
Beth Hooper 

Leland H. Monson, 

Book of Mormon 
Thoma* L. Martin. 

Old Testament 
Carl F. Eyring, 

New Testament 
A, William Lund, 

Church History 

Archibald F. Bennett, 

Don B. Col ton, 
Church Doctrine 


Cunday School members around the world sing "Thanks For The Sab- 
^ bath School." They could also appropriately sing thanks for men and 
women like Wilford C. Brimley. 

They are the "behind-the-scenes" people who have helped make Latter- 
day Saint Sabbath schools what they are today. 

Wilford Brimley has been a stake Sunday School superintendent in 
two stakes, a superintendent in four wards and a branch, an assistant ward 

superintendent in two wards, and a mem- 
ber of a stake board. Now he is teaching 
an advanced junior class in Santa Monica 
(California) Ward. 

And wherever this quiet, friendly 
little man has gone, that phase of Sabbath 
school work that he has touched has 
seemed to glitter like gold. 

Take his present class, for instance. 
It pretty much runs itself. Boys and girls 
elect new officers each quarter of the year. 
They open the class, close it, and arrange 
for special functions such as parties. A 
dijflf erent pupil gives the lesson each week, 
and class members busy themselves with 
such projects as making maps covering 
the Apostle Paul's four missionary jour- 
neys. The teacher contributes illustrative 
material for lesson points and, with ques- 
tions, leads the discussion that follows. 
As ward and stake superintendent, Brother Brimley operated the 
same way. A genius for organization, he set high standards, with his 
associates outlined procedures, and then quietly and effectively "followed- 
up," giving full power as well as the spotlight to his stake board and ward 
leaders. "Our stake board meetings were held each week on a scheduled 
evening," recalls Marie Fox Felt, one of his Granite Stake Board members 
now on the general board. "There, reports were made, and visits were as- 
signed for the following Sunday. They were planned visits; nothing 'hit- 
or-miss,' and each was followed by a memorandum to the ward superin- 
tendency. — more on other side